December 29, 2008 On 9/15/08 we reported on a long-standing mystery that has finally been solved. Alum from the late 1970’s and early 1980’s will remember this beautiful painting. It was on display on the back wall of the original Arcosanti café for many years. On 9/15/08 we reported on a long-standing mystery that has finally been solved. Alum from the late 1970’s and early 1980’s will remember this beautiful painting. It was on display on the back wall of the original Arcosanti café for many years. [Photo & text: sa] The painting was done by artist and alumna Paula Wittner, commissioned in 1977 by alum Russ Adams and it disappeared in the mid 1980’s. Apparently it was stored in Phoenix and the storage company had gone out of business. The painting reappeared in Prescott, at Drake Station Trading Company. Their owners, trying to trace the origin of the painting, got in touch with Paula Wittner just recently. [Photo & text: sa] This prompted Russ Adams and Paula to visit the new owners and Russ Adams bought the painting back. It has been stored in the Arcosanti Soleri Archives, and now facilities manager Randall Schultz built a crate to ship the beautiful painting back to Russ Adams. [Randall Schultz and Cliff Hersted] [Photo & text: sa]
Mr. Jorge Ganoza Durant is a geological engineer with over 12 years experience in exploration, mining, and business development throughout Latin America. Jorge graduated from the New Mexico Institute of Mining in 1994. He is a fourth-generation miner from a Peruvian family that has owned and operated several underground gold, silver, and base metal mines. His professional experience is vast and varied – before Fortuna he was involved in business development at senior levels for several private and public Canadian junior mining companies working in Central and South America. Jorge’s experience extends through various countries including Panama, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras, Mexico, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Peru, and Colombia.
Just a few weeks ago, it was revealed that the FBI will be going through a huge stack of emails they stole from a free service, to find some peaceful people they can publicly prosecute. The service was called Tor Mail…and their advertising slogan was Free Anonymous Email. Supposedly, this system was ironclad and immune from government attacks. And, presumably, the operators would do this very hard thing, forever, and for free. That’s just not rational, regardless of the operator’s intentions. Nonetheless, a small army of people signed up and used the service. It was free, after all! Now, they are being burned, and maybe badly. That sucks, and they almost certainly don’t deserve it, but it was also rather predictable. Free is for suckers. Always has been, still is. Jump at “free,” and you volunteer to pay the piper eventually. Free Contributions Versus Free Services There is a fundamental difference between free contributions and free services. Free contributions can be honest, important, and noble. Phil Zimmerman gave us PGP, Tim Berners-Lee gave us HTTP, and Satoshi Nakamoto gave us crypto-currency. All of these were gifts, for which we should be grateful. Operating a service, however, is something different: Zuck: I have over 4,000 emails, pictures, addresses, SNS Zuck: People just submitted it. I don’t know why. They “trust me” Gifting something to the world is wonderful and deserves our gratitude. There’s nothing wrong with it. Nor is there a real problem with the shareware model, or with a free trial before buying, or the donations model. Doing the daily grind that is necessary to run a service, however, is something very different. These are not acts of passion; they are acts of determination and endurance. Sure, there can be moments of passion, but an ongoing service requires far more than that. And, any service provider that can’t deal with “grind it out” work doesn’t survive. The Free Service Game Right now, free services rule the Internet. Yahoo, Facebook, Google, Twitter, Instagram, and all the rest… their business model involves getting people to use their systems for free. But if you use something for free, you are NOT the customer. These companies DO have customers who pay them money, but that’s not you… which means that you are the product! Let’s not forget what Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg famously texted his friend: Zuck: Yeah so if you ever need info about anyone at Harvard, just ask. Friend: What? How’d you manage that one? A service requires daily work, most of it less than exciting. And there is no end to it. The contribution – the gift – requires a specific and limited expense of time and passion. Zuck: Dumb f*cks Anything you run through a free service goes beyond your control, immediately and permanently. These companies are monetizing your life, and the lives of your family and friends. Again, you are the product, and they’re selling you to anyone who will pay. No one really runs a service for free. The same thing goes for smartphone apps, by the way. They give them to you for free, or for almost free, and they also sell your life to anyone who will pay. The primary purpose of most apps is to spy on you. Read their privacy statements sometime. “Nothing Bad Will Happen” This is said every day, as it has been by more or less all the victims of history. I’m not for walking around in fear of course, but if you grab at “free” products, you are stepping into a trap. If you don’t know the price in advance, you’ll be charged anyway (in this case, by having your life sold), and you’ll overpay. And bad things do happen, as they did to Brandon Raub. Is ‘saving’ a couple bucks really that big a deal? Paul Rosenberg FreemansPerspective.com
Recommended Links Oil companies are hemorrhaging money… The oil market is in its worst downturn in decades. The price of oil has plummeted 72% since June 2014. Oil is trading below $30 a barrel for the first time since 2003. If you’ve been reading the Dispatch, you know the world has too much oil. In recent years, technologies like “fracking” have unlocked billions of barrels of oil that were once impossible to extract from shale regions. Global oil production has climbed 20% since 2000. Last year, global output hit an all-time high. Yesterday, The Wall Street Journal reported the global oil market is oversupplied by 1.5 million barrels a day. Because oil is leaving the ground faster than it’s being consumed, oil storage tanks are overflowing. Companies are now storing oil on tankers floating at sea, according to Bloomberg Business. • Low oil prices have slammed oil stocks… Since June 2014, Exxon Mobil (XOM), the world’s largest oil company, has dropped 27%. Chevron (CVX), the second-biggest oil company, has plunged 38%. European oil giants Royal Dutch Shell (RDS-A), BP (BP), and Total S.A. (TOT) have plummeted 46%, on average, over the last 18 months. Together, these giant companies are known as the oil “supermajors.” • BP had a $3.3 billion net loss last quarter… And it lost $6.5 billion for the year, its worst annual loss in at least 30 years. Exxon sales fell 28% last quarter. Its profits plunged 58% to $2.78 billion, the company’s lowest quarterly profit since 2002. Chevron also booked its worst quarterly profit since 2002. Shell expects to report a 42% decline in profits for their fourth quarter. • Oil and gas companies slashed spending by 22% last year… Analysts expect another 12% cut this year to $522 billion, according to Reuters. The industry hasn’t spent that little since 2009…when the U.S. economy was going through its worst downturn in almost a century. More spending cuts are coming this year… Chevron plans to cut spending by 24% this year. The company laid off 10% of its employees in October. Exxon plans to cut spending by 25% in 2016. And BP plans to eliminate 9% of its jobs over the next two years. • The supermajors have not cut dividends yet… Regular readers know these oil giants pay some of the steadiest income streams on the planet. Shell hasn’t cut its dividend since World War II. Exxon and Chevron have both increased their annual dividends for at least the past 25 years, which earns them a spot in the “Dividend Aristocrats” club. Investors view these dividends as sacred. Some have even passed along their original shares to children and grandchildren, like grandma’s ring or the family farm. These giant oil companies have been paying regular dividends for decades, even through the 2001 dot-com crash and 2008 financial crisis. Cutting their dividends would be a last resort. • The world’s oil giants may have to do the “unthinkable” if oil prices stay low… Financial Times reported in December, …(J)ust weeks ago, BP and France’s Total each pledged to balance their books at $60 a barrel oil, saying they aimed to cover their dividends from “organic” cash flow by 2017. …(E)ven at $60, the three biggest European majors will need to take further cost-cutting action to cover investor payouts…Total’s $6.8bn dividend would exceed its projected organic free cash flow by $800m two years from now. For BP, the cash shortfall is put at $500m… These oil companies cut costs to be profitable at $60 oil. But with oil now at $30, they need to make even more drastic cuts. BP is running out of places to cut spending according to Bloomberg Business. While Chief Executive Officer Bob Dudley has trimmed billions of dollars of spending, cut thousands of jobs and deferred projects in response to the plunge in crude prices, BP’s cash flow still doesn’t cover investments and dividends… BP has already cut “a lot” from capital expenditure, Chief Financial Officer Brian Gilvary said Tuesday at a press briefing in London. When asked how much room it has to reduce spending further before cutting into the bone, Gilvary said “we are around that zone.” • Standard & Poor’s (S&P) downgraded Chevron and Shell this week… Ratings agencies downgrade a company’s credit rating when they think the company’s financial health is getting worse. Like a person having a bad credit score, a downgrade can make it harder and more expensive for a company to borrow money. S&P cut Shell’s credit rating to the lowest level since 1990. S&P also put the debt of BP, Total, and Exxon on watch for downgrades. S&P doesn’t think oil companies have cut spending enough. Bloomberg Business reported: S&P’s moves come after the ratings company lowered its 2016 oil-price assumption Jan. 12, reducing Brent crude by $15 a barrel to $40. The 52 percent average price decline in 2015 won’t be matched by most companies’ cost and spending reductions, S&P said. As regular readers know, the oil market is cyclical. It goes through big booms and busts. Eventually we’ll get an amazing opportunity to buy world-class oil companies at absurdly cheap prices. But with dividend cuts looming, the bottom likely isn’t in yet. We recommend avoiding oil stocks for now. • Louis James, editor of International Speculator, sees an opportunity to profit from cheap oil… Louis is our resource guru. He specializes in finding small miners with huge upside. Louis is an expert in the cyclical nature of commodities. He knows how to make money during booms and busts. And now, Louis sees opportunity in airlines. Jet fuel, which is made from oil, is a major operating expense for airlines. So, airline stocks often move up when oil drops. Last year, jet fuel prices fell by more than one-third. Major airlines are now raking in cash… The U.S. airline industry made $22 billion in profits during the first nine months of 2015, according to the Department of Transportation. That’s more than any entire year in its history. • In December, Louis recommended his favorite airline stock in International Speculator. The company has doubled its profits during the third quarter of 2015. On Monday, Louis said the company doubled its profits again last quarter. The company just announced more-than-solid financial results for last quarter, doubling its quarterly profit. The company says it’s on track to hit the high end of its operational goals for the fiscal year. All great, but even better is that the stock rebounded from its recent slide on the news. That’s “proof of concept” that this stock can buck the market by delivering to the bottom line when other businesses are hurting, which was one of the main reasons we bought this stock. The stock surged 4% with the quarterly news…and Louis thinks the stock will continue higher. You can learn more about Louis’ favorite airline by signing up for a risk-free trial to International Speculator. Chart of the Day BP just had its worst year in at least three decades… Today’s chart shows BP’s profits since 1985. Since then, the oil giant has made money in 27 years and lost money in 3. Last year, BP lost a record amount of money. It lost more than it did in 2010…when one of the company’s oil rigs exploded in the Gulf of Mexico. BP has cut billions of dollars in spending. It’s laid off thousands of workers. Yet, it’s still bleeding cash. The company may soon have to do the unthinkable and cut its dividend. — TECH ALERT: Buy, Buy, Buy The lucrative computer lab that invented the personal computer and spawned Apple and Microsoft’s empires is back with a brand-new invention. “(It) could revolutionize the way electronics are made,” according to The MIT Technology Review. Only one company holds the patent—and it’s poised to become the next tech giant. – Close Out a 100% Gain … Every Month? Imagine closing a trade every month that turns $10,000 into $20,000. It may seem impossible, but after three years perfecting a system (at a cost of over $1 million), and 300 beta testers using it in real time, we are ready to let you see it. Click here now for full details. Regards, Justin Spittler Delray Beach, Florida February 03, 2016 We want to hear from you. If you have a question or comment, please send it to firstname.lastname@example.org. We read every email that comes in, and we’ll publish comments, questions, and answers that we think other readers will find useful.
— Recommended Link Recommended Link “Here’s How I Became a Pot Stock Millionaire… and You Could Too” Justin’s note: Yesterday, Doug Casey and I talked about the decline of nation states. Today, we continue our discussion… and look at what could ultimately replace them…Justin: Will politicians allow this to happen? Or will they use the next crisis as an opportunity to seize more power and wealth from everyday people?Doug: There’s no question about that. The prime directive of every living entity—including governments—is to survive. They’ll try to do so at any cost. They’re like giant dinosaurs in their death throes, thrashing around wildly. They’re very dangerous. You’re going to have to be a very smart little mammal that hides in a hole to not get crushed by them.The best template for how this is probably going to evolve was laid out in Neal Stephenson’s book, The Diamond Age. In that book, which is a work of genius, Stephenson explains how the world is likely to reorient itself. He expects most nation states will dry up and blow away.Sure, some will still exist, but most will be replaced by what he calls “phyles.” These are support groups based on whatever you value most. These phyles will provide services like defense and insurance. So, they’ll offer all the benefits that nation states offer today but they’ll necessarily do a much better job, because they’re private, voluntary, and cohesive.More and more people will discover who their real countrymen are. You’ll find out who you really want to associate and ally yourself with. And it won’t be people who just so happened to have been born in the same area as them, many of whom you have nothing in common with except proximity or government ID. Some may even be enemies or parasites… Wall Street wants THIS Because it’s been data-proven to predict stock market wins with 93.5% accuracy… A full 365 days in advance. We call it the “K Sign” indicator—and you simply won’t believe what it can do… But you can easily find out by clicking right here. Justin: And he thinks these phyles will replace governments completely?Doug: There will still be governments that control certain geographical areas. After all, governments have lots of force. And most people are like chimpanzees; they crave, or at least accept, leadership by the biggest and most aggressive monkey. But I expect many will eventually be replaced by phyles. This will be technology driven.And with migration unfolding the way it is, Africa is going to have hundreds of millions of Han Chinese changing the situation on that continent. They’re basically going to take over that continent. At the same time, scores of millions of African migrants will take over Europe.Those are two big trends that I feel certain about. Who knows what other side shows will happen? But the nation state in its present form is a dead duck. And good riddance to it.Justin: I find the concept of phyles fascinating. But can you help me better understand how they’d work? How big would they be? Would they span across countries and continents?Doug: Well, again, people naturally fall into groups of the like-minded, joined by the things that are most important to them. They could be their philosophy, their religion, or their occupation. In prisons, for instance, it’s race. Inmates self-segregate. The concept is a perversion of the phyle concept, in a way. But to many people race is the most important thing in their lives.Every individual has several, or a dozen, or perhaps a score of things that are important to them. In my case, my friends are people who share my worldview. They believe in maximum social and economic freedom. Those are good qualifiers. I also prefer—I’m quite exclusionary, actually, no “diversity”—people who are honest and competent. And I tend to associate with people of the same economic status because I frankly find that poor people mostly don’t usually bring much to the party.Justin: Why do you say that?Doug: Poor people are usually poor for a reason. They have bad habits. I know all the excuses and sob stories, and some of them are even true. But I don’t want to associate with people who have bad habits, whether they’re rich or poor.I can probably put my finger on about 25 or 30 people in the world that I’d want standing next to me when it’s time to fix bayonets. But that doesn’t, incidentally, include the average guy that lives in Aspen, Colorado, which is where I spend the northern summer. For that matter, it doesn’t apply to the average guy anywhere. In today’s world, “average” doesn’t cut it.In most cases people maintain an acceptable social veneer. But they’re not reliable or trustworthy enough to be part of a phyle that I’d join.There will end up being thousands of phyles, everything from the Hell’s Angels to the Rotary Club. And that’s a good thing. It’s much better than just dealing with the people who happen to live in your area. — Lots of folks hound me to know how I became a pot stock millionaire. I’ll tell you up front, the way I did it is too risky for most. But we’ve discovered a much safer way to play pot stocks. It’s obvious marijuana will soon be legalized everywhere and we’re on the ground floor of a pot bull market. In this video, I reveal how you should play the pot stock bull market. Justin: How long could it be before nation states start going up in smoke? It seems like this is already happening in Europe where many countries appear eager to break off from the European Union (EU).Doug: No question about that. The EU is a complete dog’s breakfast, and has become totally counterproductive. One thing that you can plan your life around is that the EU will break up, dry up, and blow away. It’s completely dysfunctional. It makes absolutely no sense to have 50,000 bureaucrats, useless mouths, in Brussels making everybody’s life miserable.The EU started out as a free trade zone for iron and coal. Good, but unnecessary. And then it metastasized. The idea of a political group managing free trade is a contradiction, idiotic actually. You only need each individual government to drop its barriers, duties, and quotas—unilaterally. The US, and any other country, should have zero of these things, for its own benefit. Otherwise it’s like putting yourself under embargo.Free trade is wonderful and natural. But having the EU or NAFTA facilitate trade is ridiculous and counter functional. The same goes for the United Nations, which is nothing but a corrupt club for bureaucrats. It serves no purpose, and should be abolished. It’s just a drain on the world economy, the EU on steroids.One of the nice things about the Greater Depression, which we entered upon in 2007, is that these governments will become unaffordable. The United States will soon find out that its giant military/industrial/security complex is not only bankrupting the country, but putting it in serious danger. It doesn’t “defend” the US, but draws attacks and creates enemies. And it certainly doesn’t defend freedom, rather the opposite.All their domestic welfare programs are not only unaffordable but—even if they were free—are actively destructive. They’ll fall apart during the coming time of economic stress. And that’s a good thing, although the period of change will certainly be inconvenient and unpleasant for many people.What scares me is that people will act like chimpanzees during this chaos. They’ll be afraid. And they’ll want somebody to protect them. But that, of course, is asking for real trouble.Leaders that promise the most freebies, and the most safety, usually end up being someone like Stalin, Hitler, or Mao. That will happen in the States, too. We’re no longer the country we once were not so long ago.I mean, a lot of people hate Trump. I don’t have any particular animosity toward him. Sure, he’s done some pretty stupid things; his foreign policy of late borders on the criminally insane. But at least the Deep State—which really exists, should any naïfs have any doubt—hates him. And that shows he’s doing a few things right…But what really scares me is the next president, because that person will be elected in the middle of a gigantic crisis. And I’m afraid that Americans will pick someone very, very dangerous.Justin: What will happen to public services when nation states get wiped out? Will phyles provide things like defense and education? Who will be responsible for public infrastructure like roads and bridges?Doug: Well, there’s absolutely nothing that the government does that entrepreneurs couldn’t do better and cheaper.The only justification for the State is its pure coercive power. People seem to think it’s necessary to have an organization with massive coercive power on top of society. That’s the essence of the state. It’s supposed to protect you from force initiated by other people. The army is there to protect you from people outside your geographical area. The police are there to protect you from criminals within your geographical area. And a court system that allows you to adjudicate disputes without resorting to force.That’s what governments are supposed to do, at least in theory. I could live with a government that did that, and only that. But many governments, including the U.S. government, do these jobs incompetently, and at inordinate cost. Worse, they try to do absolutely everything else.In fact, I don’t believe the State should do anything. It’s innately dangerous, incompetent, and always draws the worst kind of people.It certainly shouldn’t be in charge of education. That’s the responsibility of parents. Education is the last thing that should be handed over to the State, if only because the public schools always tend to indoctrinate kids rather than educate them. Public schools also take responsibility away from parents. That makes them irresponsible, which is disastrous.What else? Welfare? Before the Roosevelt regime, Americans used to provide charity on a one-to-one basis. You found somebody who was worthy of help and you helped them. Or you joined something like the Rotary, Optimists, Lions, Knights of Columbus, or what-have-you. There used to be 1,000 organizations like that. Their business was to help people who deserved help.But all these organizations have been minimized because of the huge amounts of capital the State draws out of society. The State has replaced them. In the process the State has cemented the proles to the bottom of the barrel with their institutionalized programs.And this is true of absolutely everything and everywhere the government sticks its tentacles.Justin: Thanks for speaking with me today, Doug.Doug: You’re welcome.Justin’s note: Most know Doug as a legendary crisis investor. But he’s also a “marijuana millionaire.” And on Thursday, April 26 at 8 p.m. ET, he’s joining me and Crisis Investing editor Nick Giambruno to discuss why investors will be handed a rare second chance at investing in this market.This second wave is expected to be 8 times bigger than the first, when pot stocks were gaining 3,986%, 17,300%, 69,000%… even 299,000% and 399,000%.To hear from Doug himself on this exclusive FREE event—and why the time to strike is now—click here.Reader MailbagDo you agree with Doug’s take on nation states? Do you think they’ll ultimately be replaced with phyles? Let us know here.A Fed-Issued Digital Currency? As soon as July 21st, governments around the world plan to send the entire crypto market through the floor. They aim to take control of your wealth and what it’s worth. But there are simple things you can do today to protect yourself… Find out here.
Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Mar 18 2019Remote monitoring keeps heart failure patients out of hospital, according to late-breaking findings from the RESULT trial presented today at EHRA 2019, a European Society of Cardiology (ESC) congress. The set-up is so effective that it has won reimbursement from the national health system.Study author Dr Mateusz Tajstra, of the Silesian Centre of Heart Disease, Zabrze, Poland, said: “The trial showed that remote monitoring of implanted defibrillators in patients with heart failure leads to prompt treatment when a problem occurs and prevents hospital admissions.”Around 1-2% of adults in developed countries have heart failure, a clinical syndrome characterized by breathlessness, ankle swelling, and fatigue. A high proportion of deaths in these patients, especially those with milder symptoms, occur suddenly due to ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) or cardiac resynchronization therapy with a defibrillator (CRT-D) are recommended for some patients to correct potentially lethal arrhythmias and reduce the risk of sudden death.The number of heart failure patients with implanted devices is growing, and hospitalizations and outpatient appointments are common. This trial examined whether remote monitoring of the devices reduces the rate of hospitalization and death.A total of 600 heart failure patients with an ICD or CRT-D were randomly allocated to remote monitoring or standard care with face-to-face appointments. During the subsequent 12 months, the researchers recorded deaths from any cause and hospitalizations for cardiovascular reasons (the composite primary endpoint).The rate of the primary endpoint was significantly lower in the remote monitoring group (39.5%) compared to the standard care group (48.5%; p=0.032). When the researchers looked at the components of the endpoint separately, they found that the rate of all-cause mortality was similar between groups (6% versus 6%; p=0.9), whereas the hospitalization rate for cardiovascular causes rate was significantly lower in the remote arm (37.1%) compared to the standard arm (45.5%; p=0.045).Related StoriesImplanted device uses microcurrent to exercise heart muscle in cardiomyopathy patientsTeam approach to care increases likelihood of surviving refractory cardiogenic shockHome-based support network helps stroke patients adjust after hospital dischargeDr Tajstra said: “The death rate may have been similar between groups because the trial was not powered to show differences in survival alone.””It is important to stress that remote monitoring is not effective as a plug and play gadget,” he continued. “It will only be successful with a specified workflow to act on data retrieved from the devices, performed by a dedicated team.”In this study, remote monitoring was conducted from an office in the hospital, open for ten hours daily Monday to Friday, with three levels of staff. Two electrophysiology nurses checked device transmissions, contacted patients if further information was needed, and decided the course of action. Cardiology residents investigated suspected arrhythmias or device malfunctions and took action if indicated. A clinical cardiologist and electrophysiologist were available for difficult clinical situations.”Our pragmatic approach facilitated rapid clinical reactions to data from the devices,” said Dr Tajstra. “This prevented heart failure decompensation, where symptoms suddenly get worse and patients are often hospitalized. Even though there is no reimbursement for remote monitoring in Poland, our results have convinced the health authorities to pay for this service.” Source:https://www.escardio.org/The-ESC/Press-Office/Press-releases/Remote-monitoring-keeps-heart-failure-patients-out-of-hospital
The Bath team is currently leading work to explore the potential of immersive VR technologies in modelling treasured items, giving those with hoarding tendencies a form of exposure therapy and the opportunity to discard items in a virtual world. We can all relate to the experience of being flooded with positive memories when we hold valued possessions in our hands. However, our findings suggest that it’s the way in which we respond to these object-related memories that dictates whether we hold onto an object or let it go. The typical population appears to be able to set aside these memories, presumably to ease the task of discarding the objects, and so manage to avoid the accumulation of clutter. The hoarding participants enjoyed the positive memories but reported that they got in the way of their attempts to discard objects.” Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jun 20 2019New research conducted at the University of Bath has demonstrated important differences in how people with and without hoarding problems discard objects and the role their memories play.It was already known that hoarding behavior is driven by a strong emotional connection with objects. But the new experimental findings, published online in the journal Behavior Therapy, show that for people who hoard this connection may be in part attributable to the vivid, positive memories associated with those objects.In essence, for those with hoarding problems, individual items become an extension of a given memory, becoming a barrier to decluttering and hence exacerbating an individual’s problems. Drawing on the new findings, the team behind the study hope that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for hoarding might be enhanced by training individuals to respond differently to those memories.Hoarding describes a problem where individuals have considerable difficulty letting go of possessions. Consequently, rooms can become so cluttered over time that living spaces becomes no longer usable for their intended purpose.According to the Royal College of Psychiatrists, hoarding can be a mental health problem in its own right (known as ‘hoarding disorder’). The clutter associated with hoarding can have profound negative effects on the lives of people living with the problem and those around them, particularly with respect to emotional and physical well-being, health and safety, and finances. The fire risks associated with clutter are also be of particular concern.Lead researcher Dr Nick Stewart, who now works as a Clinical Psychologist at Avon & Wiltshire Mental Health Partnership NHS Trust, explains: “People who hoard are often offered CBT to help them understand the thoughts and feelings associated with their saving and acquiring behaviors. This approach is very beneficial for some people, but not all. Our aim is to understand better the psychological factors that drive hoarding behavior, to give us clues for how therapy for hoarding might be improved.”The researchers conducted structured interviews with 27 people with clinically-significant hoarding problems, and 28 without such difficulties (the ‘control’ group).Participants were asked to recall the memories that came to mind the last time they discarded, or tried to discard, items at home.Both groups reported positive memories while discarding possessions that they valued (which may describe most possessions in the case of people who hoard). These memories included recollections of acquiring the object, or memories of an event or person associated with the object. Crucially, the control participants (those without a hoarding problem) reported attempts to avoid this positive imagery, while the hoarding participants did not.Dr Nick Stewart, Lead Researcher: Related StoriesParticipation in local food projects may have positive effect on healthHospitals’ decision to transfer kids with mental health emergencies is based on insurance typeTAU’s new Translational Medical Research Center acquires MILabs’ VECTor PET/SPECT/CTIn the paper, the researchers have suggested ways in which this new insight could be used to enhance CBT for hoarding.Dr James Gregory, Clinical Research Tutor and Clinical Psychologist at the University of Bath, who supervised the research, said: “Where positive memories, and the mental images associated with them, are getting in the way of discarding objects, therapists could work with people to develop an alternative image to ‘compete’ with the one that’s causing difficulty. This competing image could capture the positive consequences of discarding items, for example, eating a meal with loved ones at a dinner table once it is clear of possessions.”The next step is a follow-on experimental study to see if helping people to ‘rescript’ memories in this way is helpful for enabling people to let go of objects more easily.Dr Gregory added: “While memories associated with objects can afford a sense of comfort and security to people who hoard, the resulting clutter can rob people of their quality of life.”This study is part of a wider effort at Bath to to better understand the special relationship that people have with their possessions. Ultimately we hope to use this knowledge to improve psychological support available and to enhance the wellbeing of people who hoard.”Notes on hoarding: On hoarding research at Bath: Up to 1.3 million people in the UK may have a significant hoarding problem (or develop one in the future); People with hoarding problems may keep items for sentimental reasons or because they find objects beautiful or useful. Most people with hoarding problems have a very strong emotional attachment to objects; Hoarding can become problematic for several reasons. It can take over a person’s life, making it very difficult for them to get around their house. It can also affect work performance, personal hygiene and cause relationships to suffer; Household clutter can also pose a health risk to the person and anyone who lives in or visits their house. For example, it can become a fire risk and block exits in the event of a fire, or cause trips and falls; The main treatment is cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). The therapist will help the person to understand what makes it difficult to throw things away and the reasons why the clutter has built up. This will be combined with practical tasks and a plan to work on. Source:University of BathJournal reference:Stewart, N. et al. (2019) The Role of Intrusive Imagery in Hoarding Disorder. Behavior Therapy. doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2019.04.005
MRI scan vs. AngiographyThe research, dubbed as the MR-INFORM clinical trial, shows that the 40-minute MRI scan to test angina can prevent patients from undergoing invasive angiography. To land to the findings, the researchers at King’s College in London analyzed more than 900 patients with angina who had two procedures, the invasive angiography or the MRI scan.Results of the study have shown that in each group, blocked or narrow coronary vessels were dilated when indicated by the diagnostic test. Subsequently, both groups have similar outcomes, with less than 4 percent of the patients having cardiac events, including heart attack, in the following year. Also, the researchers recorded whether heart symptoms, like chest pain, persisted.MRI: Faster and non-invasiveIn the patients assigned to the MRI, group has markedly fewer procedures, and 40 percent of those patients had an invasive angiography after. Moreover, only 36 percent of the patients in the MRI group went on to have revascularization, compared to 45 percent in the other group.Related StoriesRepurposing a heart drug could increase survival rate of children with ependymomaNANOLIVE‘s novel CX-A defines a new standard for live cell imaging in 96 well plates for continuous organelle monitoring in cell populationsSleep quality and fatigue among women with premature ovarian insufficiencyThis means that with the 40-minute MRI scan as the initial test, the two groups were not different with regard to symptom persistence, complications, manifestation of new symptoms, or mortality.”This means that patients with stable chest pains who previously would have received cardiac catheterization can alternatively be examined with MRI,” Professor Eike Nagel, chair in Clinical Cardiovascular Imaging at King’s College London, said in a statement.”The results for the patients are just as good, but an examination by MRI has many advantages: the procedure takes about 40 minutes, patients merely receive a small cannula in their arm and are not subject to radiation,” he added.The results of the study show that the MRI scan for angina is also effective in diagnosing the underlying cause of angina or chest pain. This way, the patient won’t need to undergo the invasive technique and stay in the hospital overnight.MRI scan can also detect blockage in the coronary arteries in the heart, to determine the risk of heart attack. Hence, doctors can provide proper treatment.The study was funded by the British National Institute of Health Research (NIHR) via the Biomedical Research Centre (BRC).What is angina?Angina occurs when there is decreased blood flow to the heart. Though angina is not life-threatening, it’s a warning sign that the patient is at a high risk of having a heart attack. Coronary artery disease (CAD) may cause angina. It happens when there is a blockage or narrowing of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels supplying the heart with oxygen. Atherosclerosis or the build-up of cholesterol and plaques or fatty deposits on the inner arterial wall is the major cause of CAD.Angina also called angina pectoris, is often described as heaviness, pressure, tightness, squeezing, or pain in the chest. It is important to treat angina and to know if the coronary arteries are blocked. This way, the doctors can implement treatment, before the artery becomes totally blocked, leading to a potentially fatal condition called myocardial infarction, or heart attack.The common signs and symptoms of angina include chest pain, pressure on the chest, feeling of fullness on the chest, pain in the arms, jaw, neck, or back, shortness of breath, fatigue, nausea, sweating, and dizziness.Cardiac catheterization and angiographyInvasive angiography or cardiac catheterization is a procedure wherein the physician takes C-rays of the patient’s arteries. The procedure requires the patient to stay overnight. In worse cases, patients need to undergo revascularization, a procedure to improve the blood flow to the heart.Angiography or arteriography is an imaging technique to visualize the inner part of the blood vessels in the organs of the body after the injection of a contrast medium or dye. Usually, the doctor performs the procedure to examine the veins, arteries, and heart chambers.Sources: Measuring blood flow in the myocardium with magnet resonance imaging (top). The dark area in the myocardium (arrows) shows a pronounced reduction of blood flow. The cardiac catheterization of the same patient (bottom) shows a clear constriction of the artery. Image Credit: Eike Nagel, Goethe University Nagel, E., Greenwood, J., McCann, G., Bettencourt, N., Shah, A., Hussain, S., Perera, D., Plein, S., Buccarelli-Ducci, C., Paul, M., Westwood, M., and Marber, M. (2019). Magnetic Resonance Perfusion or Fractional Flow Reserve in Coronary Disease. The New England Journal of Medicine. https://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMoa1716734 American Heart Association (AHA). (2015). https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/heart-attack/angina-chest-pain/angina-in-women-can-be-different-than-men By Angela Betsaida B. Laguipo, BSNJun 25 2019Using a simple Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan can help doctors diagnose their patients with angina, sparing them from the invasive procedure and an overnight stay in the hospital, a new study suggests.Doctors usually diagnose patients with angina and other cardiac conditions, including coronary artery disease (CAD), through an invasive procedure called cardiac catheterization and angiography.But, a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, shows that instead of undergoing an invasive procedure, the patients can have a 40-minute MRI scan to detect the risk of heart attack and to determine the treatment needed.
The bottom line is: If you’re constantly tired or have other conditions linked to sleep apnea, it never hurts to ask your doctor about it. Don’t settle for being tired all the time. Sleep apnea is 100 percent treatable. You can improve your sleep, your mood, your relationships at work and home, your health, perhaps even other medical conditions you’re managing. But first, you have to find out.”Carlos M. Nunez Jul 10 2019More than 936 million people have obstructive sleep apnea – the disease’s first prevalence update in more than a decade – according to The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, the world’s leading journal in its field.The Lancet today published a multinational analysis by ResMed and 12 academic leaders in sleep research. The results were first presented at the ATS 2018 International Conference in San Diego.This figure is nearly 10 times greater than the World Health Organization’s 2007 estimate of more than 100 million, renewing calls for physicians to step up their efforts to screen, diagnose, and prescribe treatment for those who unknowingly suffer. More than 85 percent of sleep apnea patients are undiagnosed, meaning hundreds of millions repeatedly suffocate instead of getting healthy, restful sleep each night. This raises their risk of workplace and roadway accidents, and can contribute to other significant health problems, such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, or even poor glucose control for diabetic patients. We know the risks, and now we know the size of the problem is nearly 10 times greater than previously thought. Addressing it starts with screening patients we know to be high-risk.”Carlos M. Nunez, M.D., study coauthor, ResMed’s chief medical officer Source:ResMed Why is sleep apnea mostly undiagnosed?Sufferers often don’t know they’re suffering. They’ll stop breathing for 10 seconds or more throughout the night – called an “apnea” – and repeatedly wake to breathe and prevent suffocation. They rarely remember waking, but the disruptive cycle causes chronic sleep deprivation.“Many will attribute the resulting tiredness to aging or stress,” said Nunez. “Others will mention the problem to their doctor, only to be misdiagnosed with insomnia, migraines, chronic fatigue, or other conditions. Misdiagnosis is especially common with women, since sleep apnea was long thought to be much more common in men.”Related StoriesSleep disorders in patients with low back pain linked to increased healthcare visits, costsHigh sleep variability and short sleep duration predict blunted weight lossI’m a CPAP dropout: Why many lose sleep over apnea treatmentToday, women account for 40 percent of newly diagnosed sleep apnea patients.Another reason many suffer unknowingly can be blamed on cultural ideas of what constitutes good sleep.“For instance, some believe snoring may simply be a normal feature of how some people sleep, when in fact it’s one of the most important signs for the risk of having sleep apnea,” Nunez said. “With a global prevalence that approaches 1 billion people, patients and physicians need to consider the risks and ask the questions that may ultimately help them sleep and live better. This is no longer a problem that can be treated lightly or ignored.”Who is at risk for sleep apnea?More than half of all people with obesity, heart failure, stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), atrial fibrillation, or type 2 diabetes also have sleep apnea, according to leading research.Snoring is the number-one indicator of sleep apnea in men and women, though not everyone who snores has it – and not everyone who has it snores.People told they stop breathing for long periods during sleep are also at a higher risk for the disorder.
Citation: Idaho lab protects US infrastructure from cyber attacks (2018, December 24) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-12-idaho-lab-infrastructure-cyber.html Or maybe it’s because of what they do in cyber research and development.Questions about exactly what goes on at the heart of one of the United States’ primary cybersecurity facilities at the Idaho National Laboratory aren’t always answered, and photos by outsiders aren’t allowed.What is shared is that the U.S. is rushing to catch up with what cybersecurity experts say are threats by hackers to systems that operate energy pipelines, hydroelectric projects, drinking water systems and nuclear power plants across the country. Hackers opening valves, cutting power or manipulating traffic lights, for example, could have serious consequences.Scott Cramer, who directs the lab’s cybersecurity program, said current efforts mostly involve “bolting on” cybersecurity protections to decades-old infrastructure control systems amid concerns they’ve already been infiltrated by malicious entities waiting for the opportune time to strike.”This is no joke—there are vulnerabilities out there,” he said. “We’re pretty much in reaction mode right now.”The Idaho National Laboratory is mainly known as the nation’s primary lab for nuclear research. But in the past decade, its cybersecurity work has put it on the leading edge there as well, and it’s expanding.A new 80,000-square-foot (7,400-square-meter) building called the Cybercore Integration Center will hold 20 laboratories and 200 workers. Another 67,000-square-foot (6,200-square-meter) building called the Collaborative Computing Center will house one of the nation’s most powerful supercomputers. They are expected to be finished next fall at a cost of about $85 million.”We’re almost out of space, and we’re hiring like mad,” Cramer said. “So having that (integration center) building in a year is going to be incredible for us.”The lab’s focus is on what are called critical infrastructure control systems, as opposed to cybersecurity systems intended to protect information, such as banking or personal health records. Its employees work to prevent threats like one that occurred in 2013, in which the Justice Department said seven Iranian hackers working at the behest of the Iranian government gained access to the controls of a dam in the suburbs of New York City. Prosecutors said the hackers would have been able to remotely access the dam’s gate, but it was disconnected at the time for maintenance. Prosecutors in an indictment made public in 2016 called it a “frightening new frontier in cybercrime.” The hackers remain wanted by the FBI. This Nov. 29, 2018 photo shows the new Cyber Integration Center being built in Idaho Falls, Idaho, that will be ready next fall. It’s part of an effort by the United States to catch up with what cybersecurity experts say are threats to critical infrastructure control systems to energy pipelines, hydroelectric projects, drinking water systems and nuclear power plants. (AP Photo/Keith Ridler) Explore further The Dark Side room is in one of multiple buildings in Idaho Falls that house the lab’s cybercore, a division within National and Homeland Security. It’s decorated with workers’ “alter egos,” life-sized cardboard cutouts of “Star Wars” heroes and other famous characters such as Sheldon, the genius and socially inept main character of the comedy show “The Big Bang Theory.””That workforce is a unique culture with brilliant minds,” Cramer said.The Idaho National Laboratory’s cybersecurity also has an electronics lab to dismantle and examine computers, including pulling information off severely damaged storage drives. The electronics lab contains a map of the U.S. West’s electric grid and a car-sized computer that helps test the security systems of Western utilities, including Idaho Power, which serves an estimated 1.2 million people in southern Idaho and eastern Oregon.Brad Bowlin, an Idaho Power spokesman, said the company as a matter of policy doesn’t comment on its cybersecurity efforts.In general, hackers can include foreign entities and nation-states with sophisticated attacks, malicious computer geeks, and even kids with no intent to do harm but just a curiosity to see if they have the skills to breach a system’s security. Those kids, it turns out, are candidates for the lab’s Dark Side room.”Those are the kids we’re looking for,” said Darren Stephens, a cyber-researcher at the lab.The Idaho National Laboratory makes efforts to find them beginning with middle schoolers. It also looks for junior and high school students and has competitions that it plans to expand to nudge tech-savvy youths toward cybersecurity careers.The lab recently held a contest among college students involving Idaho universities and other national labs and colleges where workers in the lab’s Dark Side attempted to hack into systems the students tried to defend.It’s a fun competition, but it’s also a proving ground to find the next generation of cybersecurity workers where a shortage of more than a million employees by 2020 is estimated. Cramer said the nation’s universities don’t even have curriculums to train future cybersecurity workers.That’s something he’s working to change with Idaho universities that could ultimately offer degrees to draw those students and become a main supplier for good-paying jobs in cybersecurity.”The problem is so new and challenging that we don’t have the workforce right now to challenge the problem efficiently,” he said. “We’re in a bit of a scramble mode to help get caught up and train folks to get our arms around a big national challenge.” In this September 2018 photo provided by the Idaho National Laboratory, INL interns Armando Juarez Jr., left, and Jordan Mussman work in the Faraday room in a cybersecurity electronics lab in Idaho Falls, Idaho. The Idaho National Laboratory next year will move into a massive cybersecurity building and another that will house one of the nation’s most powerful supercomputers. (Chris Morgan/Idaho National Laboratory via AP) It’s called the “Dark Side” because the 50 workers there prefer to keep the lights low so they can dim the brightness on their computer screens. © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Singapore invites cyberattacks to strengthen defences
Indo-Asian News Service BhubaneshwarJuly 16, 2019UPDATED: July 16, 2019 18:36 IST Photo for representational purpose. (Photo: Reuters)As many as 369 persons were killed and 207 injured in wild elephant attacks in the last four years in Odisha, said a state minister on Tuesday.Forest and Environment Minister Bikram Keshari Arukh informed the Odisha assembly that these deaths occurred between January 2015 and June 2019.The minister was replying to a question by Biju Janata Dal (BJD) legislator Mukesh Kumar Pal. On an average, 92 people have been killed each year.The Forest department has erected stone walls and solar-powered fences in several sensitive places to deter the jumbos from coming to human habitations, Arukh said.He also said that number of steps, including the development of habitations as well as digging of water bodies and plantation (as fodder) for safe habitation of these mammals in the state.Besides, several squads have been engaged to track the movement of the wild elephants and keep them away from the human habitations.The department has also brought a special vehicle ‘Gaja’, which is used in driving away the elephant herd from village areas thus saving human lives.ALSO READ | Girl killed as elephant enters house, attacks sleeping family in ChhattisgarhALSO READ | 4 elephants hit by speeding train in Odisha, die on spotALSO WATCH | Elephant attacks car in Uttarakhand, topples it overFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byMukesh Rawat Tags :Follow OdishaFollow Elephant attack Elephant attacks killed 369 people in Odisha since 2015On an average, 92 people were killed each year in elephant attacks in Odisha, the state government said.advertisement Next
Next BJP MLA’s daughter, Dalit partner likely to marry in court next weekSources said BJP MLA’s daughter Sakshi Misra and her partner will get their marriage registered in court on July 16 after making a request to the court.advertisement Indo-Asian News Service LucknowJuly 13, 2019UPDATED: July 13, 2019 10:16 IST Their inter-caste wedding created a huge controversy.Sakshi Misra, the daughter of a BJP MLA from Uttar Pradesh, and her husband were now expected to opt for a registered marriage in court, after their inter-caste wedding created a huge controversy.Sakshi is a Brahmin, while her husband Ajitesh Kumar belongs to a Dalit family.This is being done after the priest of the Ram Janki temple in Prayagraj, where they reportedly exchanged vows and even have a certificate to prove that they tied the knot, denied the marriage, adding that the certificate was fake.According to sources, the couple will be appearing in the Allahabad High Court where their petition will be taken up for hearing on July 15.”They will get their marriage registered in court on July 16 after making a request to the court itself,” the sources said.Sakshi and her husband, who have been on the run since July 3 when they left their respective homes, made an appearance on Friday on a news channel where they again alleged that the Bharatiya Janata Party MLA from Bareilly, Rajesh Misra was against their marriage purely on caste grounds.The couple and Ajitesh’ father Harish Kumar have alleged that SSP Bareilly Muniraj G had refused to respond to their calls for protection and security.However, after the matter hit the headlines, the SSP has now said that the couple would get police protection so that they can safely appear before court.READ | Bareilly BJP MLA’s daughter who married Dalit moves court, seeks protectionALSO READ | Soch badlo papa: BJP MLA’s daughter who married Dalit boy makes emotional appeal to dad on live TVALSO WATCH | Please change your thinking: BJP MLA’s daughter’s emotional appeal to her fatherFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byKritika Bansal Tags :Follow BJP MLA