Chelsea won 2-1 at Southampton on Tuesday to extend their unbeaten run in the Barclays Premier League six wins and six draws to 12 games. But they have already lost four at home, a fifth would represent their most Stamford Bridge defeats since 1995-96. On Wednesday, Stoke beat Newcastle 1-0 with a late goal from Xherdan Shaqiri to move into seventh place.EVERTON VSWEST HAMEverton are unbeaten in their past eight Barclays Premier League away games but at Goodison Park they have won just four; they need to win three of their remaining five home games to avoid setting a new low for home successes. On Wednesday, West Ham beat Tottenham 1-0 with a Michail Antonio goal to move into sixth place.NEWCASTLE VSBOURNEMOUTH,Bournemouth beat English south-coast neighbours Southampton 2-0 at home on Tuesday with the Cherries keeping consecutive clean sheets for the first time this season. The Cherries have met Newcastle just three times in the league and lost all three. In their only previous visit to St James’ in the league, in September 1989, they lost 2-1 and when the teams met at Bournemouth earlier this season they lost 1-0.SOUTHAMPTON VSSUNDERLAND,Saints have won seven and lost five of their 14 home games. If they win each of their remaining five games at St Mary’s they will set a club record of 12 home Premier League victories. Their previous best was 11, set in 2000-01 and again last season. Sunderland have already conceded a massive 37 away goals in 14 away games, just two fewer than their record in the Premier League (39 conceded in the 1999-00 campaign).SWANSEA VSNORWICHThe Swans have won just four home games; their previous fewest home league wins is six (in 2012-13 and 2013-14) and they have just five games in which to avoid setting a new club record in the Premier League. Norwich, meanwhile, have lost 10 and drawn two of their 14 away games but when the teams met at Carrow Road in November, the home side won 1-0 with a goal from Jonny Howson.CRYSTAL PALACE VSLIVERPOOLCrystal Palace have now gone 11 games in the Barclays Premier League without a win; their last victory was in December at Stoke, while they last won at home against Southampton, also in the last month of last year. But Palace have won their last three league games, home and away, against Liverpool and are unbeaten in the last four.
The element phosphorus is hard to get to a planet’s surface where it is needed.Phosphorus, abbreviated P with atomic number 15, is an essential element in all living organisms. How do organisms use phosphorus?Phosphorus is an essential element in nucleic acids (DNA, RNA).The energy molecule ATP has three phosphate groups. A cell spends enormous effort recycling ATP.Phosphorylation is an important regulatory step in many cell processes.Cell membranes are composed of phospholipids.Bones and tooth enamel get their hardness from hydroxyapatite, a phosphorus-containing mineral.Phosphorus is taken up by plants from the soil. Its availability can be a limiting factor in ecosystems.Lack of phosphorus can cause malnutrition.“Oxidative phosphorylation” builds ATP in cells. A chain of complex molecular machines in mitochondria and chloroplasts sets up a proton gradient by carefully extracting electrons from the digestion of our food and passing them through a sequence of reactions (the citric acid cycle), with oxygen as the final acceptor in the electron transport chain. The resulting proton gradient then powers ATP synthase, a rotary engine, that uses the energy to “snap” phosphate groups onto ADP in three reaction centers (see animation by CMI). The ATP molecules can then be sent throughout the cell to power numerous enzymatic reactions that require the energy, such as the walking kinesins that carry cargo, and the numerous enzymes that operate on DNA in the nucleus.For all its value to life, phosphorus can also be toxic. Some of the most potent neurotoxins and pesticides contain phosphorus.Molecular machines at work in a living cell (Illustra Media)A highly reactive atom, phosphorus is never found in its elemental form on earth. Its elemental abundance is one gram per kilogram in Earth’s crust, about 16 times as plentiful as copper. On our planet, most of it is found in insoluble rocks. Phosphate mines have much of the element from the decomposed remains of living organisms.It would be hard to imagine a habitable planet without phosphorus, because most astrobiologists recognize the uniqueness of nucleic acids, ATP and phospholipids for cells. So this poses a question: how did Earth become blessed with so much of this element?Planetary Sources of PhosphorusAn article on NASA’s Astrobiology Magazine purports to tell us “How Phosphorus Came In from the Cold.” Below the pretentious headline of this just-so story, we begin to see problems: “phosphorus is rare” in interplanetary dust clouds. “It is even more scarce in the rest of the Solar System,” Sarah Wild writes. “Phosphorus is one of the key elements in biology,” says Matthew Pasek, an astrobiologist and geochemist at the University of South Florida.Unlike the other elements essential for life, phosphorus is mainly found in solid form, whereas the likes of hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen are often found as a gas. “[Studying phosphorus] keeps us grounded in actual hard rock samples. Unlike the others, there is no obvious gas form, so has to come from rock sources,” Pasek says. “We hope to tie that eventually to biology and life.”Some meteorites contain phosphorus. The problem, then, is how to get those rocks to Earth in sufficient quantities to season the crust with it. Secular cosmologists believe that all the elements beyond lithium (atomic number 3) were “cooked” by supernovae. Phosphorus, therefore, had to come from a supernova, then get incorporated into interstellar dust clouds, from which they believe planetary systems were made. Pasek worries, though, in his recent paper in Icarus, that “Phosphorus would not have been present as a volatile throughout much of the Solar nebula.”Through a convoluted series of steps, Pasek brings phosphorus in from the cold outer reaches of the solar system by suggesting that it existed in a rare gaseous form called phosphine (PH3) in the cold outer reaches of the Solar System beyond Saturn. (Out to Saturn, it would have been locked up in solids.) From there, Pasek has the problem of getting that phosphide gas to Earth. Also, meteorites from those far reaches could have brought phosphorus to Earth in the form of phosphides. How they could have been distributed equally on the early earth was not addressed.One critic of Pasek’s model says that it is “contentious that gas movement toward the Sun, which was not modeled in the paper, could be faster than the diffusion of gas away from the Sun.” It would seem that the latter would predominate.This is an ongoing problem for astrobiologists, in other words. But it’s fun to get paid for thinking about problems that may not have a naturalistic solution. “The work was supported through NASA’s Emerging Worlds Program,” the article ends. “NASA Astrobiology provides resources for this and other Research and Analysis programs within the NASA Science Mission Directorate (SMD) that solicit proposals relevant to astrobiology research.” NASA money, of course, is taxpayer money.Maybe we need to add another zone to our list of habitable zones: the “Phosphorus Availability Zone.” But this is only a problem for materialists. The Creator tells us in His word that He “made the world to be inhabited” (Isaiah 45:18). Obviously he put the ingredients required for life where they were needed, in the abundances required.See more about habitability requirements in Dr Henry Richter’s book, Spacecraft Earth: A Guide for Passengers, chapter one.For earlier articles on phosphorus and biology, see:Most exoplanets are not habitable (26 June 2018)Why astrobiologists hammer planets (26 Sept 2016)Fooling around with OOL (31 May 2010).Invent animals: Just add phosphorus (11 June 2007)or search on “phosphorus” in the search bar. (Visited 490 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Imagine someone has something that you want or need. You want to acquire what is that they have, meaning it has value to you. But it also has value to the person who presently possesses it. Some laws prevent you from taking it from them under cover of darkness—or by force.What are you to do in this situation?Wait. You have an idea. You have something of value that you would be willing to exchange for the object of your desire. If the person who has what you want would trade what they have for something they value equally (or more), an exchange is possible. Maybe even likely.This is sales. It is the free exchange of value between willing parties. Neither party is compelled or forced to make an exchange of the value they possess or create, regardless of how much another party may want or need it.Both parties are capable of influencing the other party to believe there is more value in what they have, with one side building up the value and offering what they have for a certain price, the other side working to suggest that it isn’t worth the asking price and offering less to obtain it.Who determines what something is worth? It may be true that the person possessing a thing being sold sets the price based on what they are willing to accept. However, it is equally true that the buyer sets the price because they have the power to choose not to pay the asking price and walk away or find an alternative.Where more value is created, more value is captured. Where less value is created, less value is captured. Value is in the eye of the possessor and the beholder, which means I may believe something is valuable that you think is worthless. What is important enough for you to spend a great fortune to obtain might be something that wouldn’t move me to act at all.When people believe that the word “sales” has a negative connotation, recognize that none of us would have anything that we want without these fundamental ideas being in place as far back as when Grok had two woolly mammoth steaks, and Glub could make a fire. Get the Free eBook! Want to master cold calling? Download my free eBook! Many would have you believe that cold calling is dead, but the successful have no fear of the phone; they use it to outproduce their competitors. Download Now
An improvised explosive device (IED) blast killed two Border Security Force personnel at Koirengi on the northern edge of the Manipur capital, Imphal, on Wednesday afternoon.This is the second attack on paramilitary forces within 24 hours. An Assam Rifles constable was injured after suspected militants lobbed two hand grenades at troopers on Tuesday.The police in Imphal East district said the IED, presumably planted by insurgents, was detonated about 2pm outside the gate of the BSF outpost near Koirengi Airfield on the Imphal-Dimapur highway. The blast injured five people.”Two BSF men, both constables, succumbed to their injuries in the hospital. Two civilians, including a woman, are in critical condition,” K. Meghachandra, Imphal East district police chief, said. The two constables were identified as N.M. Meitei and Sanjay Tirkey.So far, none of at least six active Imphal valley-based insurgent groups have claimed responsibility for the two attacks in as many days.
Deshaun Watson Clemson TigerjacksClemson quarterback Deshaun Watson is only entering his sophomore year with the Tigers, but it’s clear that he’s going to have to be a leader during the 2015 campaign. It looks like he’s having no problem playing that role so far.Saturday, Clemson posted an Instagram video of Watson leading the team in a round of “Tigerjacks.” It’s a short clip, but it’s enough to get Tigers fan pumped up for the upcoming season. Deshaun Watson leading the Tigerjack breakdown. #ClemsonA video posted by Clemson Football (@clemsonfb) on Aug 15, 2015 at 8:21am PDT Clemson opens with Wofford on Saturday, September 5.
The Bath team is currently leading work to explore the potential of immersive VR technologies in modelling treasured items, giving those with hoarding tendencies a form of exposure therapy and the opportunity to discard items in a virtual world. We can all relate to the experience of being flooded with positive memories when we hold valued possessions in our hands. However, our findings suggest that it’s the way in which we respond to these object-related memories that dictates whether we hold onto an object or let it go. The typical population appears to be able to set aside these memories, presumably to ease the task of discarding the objects, and so manage to avoid the accumulation of clutter. The hoarding participants enjoyed the positive memories but reported that they got in the way of their attempts to discard objects.” Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jun 20 2019New research conducted at the University of Bath has demonstrated important differences in how people with and without hoarding problems discard objects and the role their memories play.It was already known that hoarding behavior is driven by a strong emotional connection with objects. But the new experimental findings, published online in the journal Behavior Therapy, show that for people who hoard this connection may be in part attributable to the vivid, positive memories associated with those objects.In essence, for those with hoarding problems, individual items become an extension of a given memory, becoming a barrier to decluttering and hence exacerbating an individual’s problems. Drawing on the new findings, the team behind the study hope that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for hoarding might be enhanced by training individuals to respond differently to those memories.Hoarding describes a problem where individuals have considerable difficulty letting go of possessions. Consequently, rooms can become so cluttered over time that living spaces becomes no longer usable for their intended purpose.According to the Royal College of Psychiatrists, hoarding can be a mental health problem in its own right (known as ‘hoarding disorder’). The clutter associated with hoarding can have profound negative effects on the lives of people living with the problem and those around them, particularly with respect to emotional and physical well-being, health and safety, and finances. The fire risks associated with clutter are also be of particular concern.Lead researcher Dr Nick Stewart, who now works as a Clinical Psychologist at Avon & Wiltshire Mental Health Partnership NHS Trust, explains: “People who hoard are often offered CBT to help them understand the thoughts and feelings associated with their saving and acquiring behaviors. This approach is very beneficial for some people, but not all. Our aim is to understand better the psychological factors that drive hoarding behavior, to give us clues for how therapy for hoarding might be improved.”The researchers conducted structured interviews with 27 people with clinically-significant hoarding problems, and 28 without such difficulties (the ‘control’ group).Participants were asked to recall the memories that came to mind the last time they discarded, or tried to discard, items at home.Both groups reported positive memories while discarding possessions that they valued (which may describe most possessions in the case of people who hoard). These memories included recollections of acquiring the object, or memories of an event or person associated with the object. Crucially, the control participants (those without a hoarding problem) reported attempts to avoid this positive imagery, while the hoarding participants did not.Dr Nick Stewart, Lead Researcher: Related StoriesParticipation in local food projects may have positive effect on healthHospitals’ decision to transfer kids with mental health emergencies is based on insurance typeTAU’s new Translational Medical Research Center acquires MILabs’ VECTor PET/SPECT/CTIn the paper, the researchers have suggested ways in which this new insight could be used to enhance CBT for hoarding.Dr James Gregory, Clinical Research Tutor and Clinical Psychologist at the University of Bath, who supervised the research, said: “Where positive memories, and the mental images associated with them, are getting in the way of discarding objects, therapists could work with people to develop an alternative image to ‘compete’ with the one that’s causing difficulty. This competing image could capture the positive consequences of discarding items, for example, eating a meal with loved ones at a dinner table once it is clear of possessions.”The next step is a follow-on experimental study to see if helping people to ‘rescript’ memories in this way is helpful for enabling people to let go of objects more easily.Dr Gregory added: “While memories associated with objects can afford a sense of comfort and security to people who hoard, the resulting clutter can rob people of their quality of life.”This study is part of a wider effort at Bath to to better understand the special relationship that people have with their possessions. Ultimately we hope to use this knowledge to improve psychological support available and to enhance the wellbeing of people who hoard.”Notes on hoarding: On hoarding research at Bath: Up to 1.3 million people in the UK may have a significant hoarding problem (or develop one in the future); People with hoarding problems may keep items for sentimental reasons or because they find objects beautiful or useful. Most people with hoarding problems have a very strong emotional attachment to objects; Hoarding can become problematic for several reasons. It can take over a person’s life, making it very difficult for them to get around their house. It can also affect work performance, personal hygiene and cause relationships to suffer; Household clutter can also pose a health risk to the person and anyone who lives in or visits their house. For example, it can become a fire risk and block exits in the event of a fire, or cause trips and falls; The main treatment is cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). The therapist will help the person to understand what makes it difficult to throw things away and the reasons why the clutter has built up. This will be combined with practical tasks and a plan to work on. Source:University of BathJournal reference:Stewart, N. et al. (2019) The Role of Intrusive Imagery in Hoarding Disorder. Behavior Therapy. doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2019.04.005
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Facebook’s acknowledgement that most of its 2.2 billion members have probably had their personal data scraped by “malicious actors” is the latest example of the social network’s failure to protect its users’ data. Not to mention its apparent inability to even identify the problem until the company was already embroiled in scandal.CEO Mark Zuckerberg told reporters Wednesday that Facebook is shutting down a feature that let people search for Facebook users by phone number or email address. Although that was useful for people who wanted to find others on Facebook, it turns out that unscrupulous types also figured out years ago that they could use it to identify individuals and collect data off their profiles.The scrapers were at it long enough, Zuckerberg said, that “at some point during the last several years, someone has probably accessed your public information in this way.”The only way to be safe would have been for users to deliberately turn off that search feature several years ago. Facebook had it turned on by default.”I think Facebook has not been clear enough with how to use its privacy settings,” said Jamie Winterton, director of strategy for Arizona State University’s Global Security Initiative. “That, to me, was the failure.” In this June 7, 2013, file photo, the Facebook “like” symbol is on display on a sign outside the company’s headquarters in Menlo Park, Calif. Australian authorities say they are investigating whether Facebook breached the country’s privacy law when personal information of more than 300,000 Australian users was obtained by Cambridge Analytica, a Trump-linked political consulting firm, without their authorization. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File) The breach was a stunning admission for a company already reeling from allegations that the political data-mining firm Cambridge Analytica inappropriately accessed data on as many as 87 million Facebook users to influence elections.Over the past few weeks, the scandal has mushroomed into investigations across continents, including a probe by the U.S. Federal Trade Commission. Zuckerberg himself will be questioned by Congress for the first time on Tuesday.”The FTC looked the other way for years when consumer groups told them Facebook was violating its 2011 deal to better protect its users. But now the Cambridge Analytica scandal has awoken the FTC from its long digital privacy slumber,” said Jeffrey Chester, executive director for the Washington-based privacy nonprofit Center for Digital Democracy.Neither Zuckerberg nor his company has identified those who carried out the data scraping. Outside experts believe they could have been identity thieves, scam artists or shady data brokers assembling marketing profiles. In this April 18, 2017, file photo, conference workers speak in front of a demo booth at Facebook’s annual F8 developer conference, in San Jose, Calif. Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg will testify before Congress next week as authorities investigate allegations that the political data-mining firm Cambridge Analytica inappropriately accessed data on millions of Facebook users to influence elections. (AP Photo/Noah Berger, File) In this Nov. 9, 2017, file photo, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg meets with a group of entrepreneurs and innovators during a round-table discussion at Cortex Innovation Community technology hub in St. Louis. Facebook said Wednesday, April 5, 2018, that it has shut down a feature that let people search for Facebook users if they had their phone number or email address. In a call with reporters on Wednesday, Zuckerberg said the company had tried “rate limiting” the searches. This restricted how many searches someone can conduct at one time, based on their device’s IP address. But Zuckerberg said this was circumvented by bad actors cycling through multiple IP addresses. (AP Photo/Jeff Roberson, File) Firefox maker Mozilla to stop Facebook advertising because of data scandal Explore further In this Nov. 9, 2017, file photo, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg meets with a group of entrepreneurs and innovators during a round-table discussion at Cortex Innovation Community technology hub in St. Louis. Facebook said Wednesday, April 5, 2018, that it has shut down a feature that let people search for Facebook users if they had their phone number or email address. In a call with reporters on Wednesday, Zuckerberg said the company had tried “rate limiting” the searches. This restricted how many searches someone can conduct at one time, based on their device’s IP address. But Zuckerberg said this was circumvented by bad actors cycling through multiple IP addresses. (AP Photo/Jeff Roberson, File) A foreign entity could conceivably use such information to influence elections or stir up discord—exactly what Russia is alleged to have done, using Facebook and other social media, in the 2016 presidential elections.Privacy advocates have long been critical of Facebook’s penchant for pushing people to share more and more information, often through pro-sharing default options.While the company offers detailed privacy controls—users can turn off ad targeting, for example, or face recognition, and post updates that no one else sees—many people never change their settings, and often don’t even know how to.The company has tried to simplify its settings multiple times over the years, most recently this week.Winterton said that for individual Facebook users, worrying about this data scraping won’t do much good—after all, the data is already out there. But she said it might be a good time to “reflect on what we are sharing and how we are sharing it and whether we need to.” Citation: Facebook: Most users may have had public data ‘scraped’ (2018, April 6) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-04-facebook-users.html “Just because someone asks us information, it doesn’t mean we have to give it to them if we are not comfortable,” she said.She added that while she no longer has a Facebook account, when she did she put her birth year as 1912 and her hometown as Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Neither is true. Facebook did not immediately respond to a request for comment Thursday on when it discovered the data scraping.In his call with reporters Wednesday, Zuckerberg said the company had tried “rate limiting” the searches. This restricted how many searches someone can conduct at one time from a particular IP address, a numeric designation that identifies a device’s location on the internet. But Zuckerberg said the scrapers circumvented that defense by cycling through multiple IP addresses.The scraped information was limited to what a user had already chosen to make public—which, depending on a person’s privacy settings, could be a lot—as well as what Facebook requires people to share. That includes full name, profile picture and listings of school or workplace networks.But hackers and scam artists could then use that information—and combine it with other data in circulation—to pull hoaxes on people, plant malware on their computers or commit other mischief.Having access to such a massive amount of data could also pose national security risks, Winterton said. In this Jun 7, 2013, file photo, the Facebook “like” symbol is illuminated on a sign outside the company’s headquarters in Menlo Park, Calif. Australian authorities say they are investigating whether Facebook breached the country’s privacy law when personal information of more than 300,000 Australian users was obtained by Cambridge Analytica, a Trump-linked political consulting firm, without their authorization. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File) © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Zuckerberg said the company detected the problem in a data-privacy audit started after the Cambridge Analytica disclosures, but didn’t say why the company hadn’t noticed it—or fixed it—earlier.
Indo-Asian News Service BhubaneshwarJuly 16, 2019UPDATED: July 16, 2019 18:36 IST Photo for representational purpose. (Photo: Reuters)As many as 369 persons were killed and 207 injured in wild elephant attacks in the last four years in Odisha, said a state minister on Tuesday.Forest and Environment Minister Bikram Keshari Arukh informed the Odisha assembly that these deaths occurred between January 2015 and June 2019.The minister was replying to a question by Biju Janata Dal (BJD) legislator Mukesh Kumar Pal. On an average, 92 people have been killed each year.The Forest department has erected stone walls and solar-powered fences in several sensitive places to deter the jumbos from coming to human habitations, Arukh said.He also said that number of steps, including the development of habitations as well as digging of water bodies and plantation (as fodder) for safe habitation of these mammals in the state.Besides, several squads have been engaged to track the movement of the wild elephants and keep them away from the human habitations.The department has also brought a special vehicle ‘Gaja’, which is used in driving away the elephant herd from village areas thus saving human lives.ALSO READ | Girl killed as elephant enters house, attacks sleeping family in ChhattisgarhALSO READ | 4 elephants hit by speeding train in Odisha, die on spotALSO WATCH | Elephant attacks car in Uttarakhand, topples it overFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byMukesh Rawat Tags :Follow OdishaFollow Elephant attack Elephant attacks killed 369 people in Odisha since 2015On an average, 92 people were killed each year in elephant attacks in Odisha, the state government said.advertisement Next
PARIS (Reuters) – Shareholder activist firm Amber Capital on Thursday called for a strategy review at Suez (SEVI.PA), arguing that the French utility had underperformed rivals and could create more value for its shareholders. Amber Capital said it had sent a letter on July 18 to Suez’s management, outlining its demands, as activist funds such as Elliott and others target companies across Europe which they feel are underperforming. London-based Amber Capital, which holds 1.9% of the French utility’s share capital, called for Suez to reduce the size of its board of directors and to review its portfolio of assets. Reporting by Sudip Kar-Gupta, Editing by Sherry Jacob-PhillipsOur Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.