Home Afrika Limited (HAFR.ke) 2015 Annual Report

first_imgHome Afrika Limited (HAFR.ke) listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Property sector has released it’s 2015 annual report.For more information about Home Afrika Limited (HAFR.ke) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Home Afrika Limited (HAFR.ke) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Home Afrika Limited (HAFR.ke)  2015 annual report.Company ProfileHome Afrika Limited is a property development company which provides quality, sustainable and affordable housing for communities in Kenya and other countries in the East Africa sub-region. These include housing developments in golf estates and services hotel apartments. The company implements housing projects which have a long-term positive impact on society and achieves this through alliance partnerships with government, private sector and development partners. Home Afrika Limited designs, constructs and maintains residential and commercial buildings which comply to a regulatory framework for sustainability and conformity. Home Afrika Limited has implemented a regional expansion plan under the name “Go Country” and “Go Africa” which aims to build approximately 1 million homes under a mass housing programme which spans Africa sub-regions. Home Afrika Limited is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchangelast_img read more

Forget the stock market crash! I’d buy these 2 FTSE 100 dividend stocks for a rising passive income

first_img Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Forget the stock market crash! I’d buy these 2 FTSE 100 dividend stocks for a rising passive income The stock market crash has put a premium on FTSE 100 stocks that can continue to pay dividends. Today, a top FTSE 100 dividend stock stood by its shareholder payouts, and committed to increase them by more than inflation for the next five years.This is the type of company I’d target if looking to build a rising passive income from a portfolio of FTSE 100 stocks and shares. I reckon Pennon Group (LSE: PNN) is a good way to keep the dividend income flowing as you build wealth for retirement and beyond.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…The Pennon share price fliesThe Exeter-based water utility and waste management company’s full-year results, published today, confirmed another year of real dividend growth, with the payment up 6.6%. That is a tonic for investors, given that so many FTSE 100 companies have cut theirs dividends in the wake of the stock market crash.Management is now targeting growth of 2% a year above inflation, for the next five years. Even if inflation does fall in the wake of the recession, that protection is valuable. Should inflation take off in the next few years, as some analysts believe, it will be even more handy.The group has had a busy and successful year, agreeing to sell its waste, recycling, and energy recovery division Viridor in March, for £4.2bn, and recently securing Ofwat’s Fast Track status for its five-year plan.Despite this, the Pennon share price fell by around 4% today. That mostly reflects profit-taking, after a rip-roaring year. Not many FTSE 100 companies can boast share price growth of a whopping 62% over the last 12 turbulent months.Even Covid-19 had little impact on its share price. The downside is that Pennon is not cheap, trading at more than 20 times earnings. The yield is a steady 3.58% a year.Selling off Viridor looks like win-win, as Pennon can now use the proceeds to reduce debt levels, boost its pension fund, and reward loyal shareholders as it sees fit. That should help cover the cost of any rise in late bill payments, as customers struggle for money in the stock market crash and recession.Stock market crash uncertaintyNational Grid (LSE: NG) is another FTSE 100 dividend stalwart but it is not completely out of the woods yet. Last month, it said its dividend is under review due to the pandemic, and promised further updates when it publishes its delayed year-end results this month.However, management reported little material impact on its financial performance, despite delays and disruption to its capital programme. Its balance sheet is “strong“, with £5.5bn of undrawn committed bank facilities.The National Grid share price trades 21% higher than a year ago, although it is currently 10% lower than before the stock market crash. It looks slightly cheaper than Pennon as a result, trading at 16.89 times earnings. That would be a good entry price, providing the dividend holds. National Grid currently yields 4.98%.While some investors will be prioritising oversold bargain stocks right now, these two FTSE 100 dividend stalwarts merit your attention. See all posts by Harvey Jones I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge!center_img Enter Your Email Address Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Image source: Getty Images Harvey Jones has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has recommended Pennon Group. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Harvey Jones | Thursday, 4th June, 2020 | More on: NG PNN I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool.last_img read more

Why I’m backing the Standard Life share price for 2021

first_img I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Image source: Getty Images Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. The performance of the Standard Life (LSE: SLA) share price has been pretty underwhelming over the past three years. Even including dividends paid to investors, the stock has underperformed the wider FTSE 100 by around 10% per annum since 2017.However, I think the stock is due for a rebound in 2021. There are a couple of reasons why this equity will finally produce positive returns for investors next year.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Standard Life share price recoveryThere are also several reasons why I think shares in this asset manager have underperformed the market over the past few years. Its growth hasn’t lived up to expectations, management has been distracted, and investors have found better options elsewhere.In my opinion, all of these factors can be traced back to management execution. When Standard Life and Aberdeen Asset Management merged, the two companies effectively kept their managers running side by side. This doesn’t seem to have been the right decision.But now, a new CEO has been appointed. Stephen Bird has taken over replacing the legacy managers. He’s already starting to shake things up across the business. He’s instigated a full review of the operation and set out key operating targets.I think this will give the company the direction it’s lacked for some time. With a new, focused CEO at the helm, Standard Life can concentrate on improving customer satisfaction and engaging with investors.Turnaround beginsI think Bird’s efforts should start to take hold in 2021. It may be some time before we see the actions translate into profits, but investor sentiment should begin to improve if assets under management reverse their downward trend.I don’t think it will take much for the Standard Life share price to move higher. At its core, the firm’s an attractive investment proposition. The stock offers a dividend yield of 7.6%, and management has been returning cash to investors with share buybacks as well.What the company really lacks is growth. When this final piece of the puzzle’s in place, I reckon the shares could take off.With that in mind, I’m optimistic about the outlook for the Standard Life share price in 2021. We should start to see the green shoots of a turnaround this year, and that could translate quickly into a rising share price.Another option is the potential for mergers and acquisitions. Standard Life has said it’s willing to do deals if they complement growth. Many other companies appear to have the same view.Asset management is all about scale, and rising costs have forced mergers across the sector over the past 24 months. Standard Life has already completed one large merger in recent years, and I wouldn’t rule out another. Combining with a business like M&G would give Standard Life vast economies of scale and further improve profit margins.That’s just one avenue the company has to create value for investors in the years ahead. Enter Your Email Address Rupert Hargreaves | Tuesday, 22nd December, 2020 | More on: SLA Don’t miss our special stock presentation.It contains details of a UK-listed company our Motley Fool UK analysts are extremely enthusiastic about.They think it’s offering an incredible opportunity to grow your wealth over the long term – at its current price – regardless of what happens in the wider market.That’s why they’re referring to it as the FTSE’s ‘double agent’.Because they believe it’s working both with the market… And against it.To find out why we think you should add it to your portfolio today… Rupert Hargreaves owns shares in Standard Life and M&G Plc. The Motley Fool UK has no position in any of the shares mentioned. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors.center_img Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Why I’m backing the Standard Life share price for 2021 There’s a ‘double agent’ hiding in the FTSE… we recommend you buy it! Click here to get access to our presentation, and learn how to get the name of this ‘double agent’! Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares See all posts by Rupert Hargreaveslast_img read more

State Rep Jennifer Sullivan Schedules Apopka Office Hours

first_imgShare on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Please enter your name here TAGSJennifer Sullivan Previous articleMustangs sprinting towards 3-game win streak?Next articleNew Apopka Hospital topped-out today Dale Fenwick RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate The Anatomy of Fear Please enter your comment! Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 Representative Jennifer Sullivan Offers Constituent OutreachIf you live north of 441 you are most likely in District 31 and Jennifer Sullivan is your State Representative in Tallahassee.Representative Sullivan routinely schedules office hours in Apopka to answer questions and assist constituents.The next opportunity to meet with Sullivan and/or her staff will be on Monday, September 26, 2016, from 9:00 AM to 12:00 PM at the Apopka City Hall.Call Sullivan’s aide, Morgan Hatfield , at 352-742-6275 for an appointment time.If you need immediate assistance, contact Sullivan’s local office at 352-742-6275.The local office is located at 2755 South Bay Street, Unit D, Eustis 32726, and is open Monday through Friday from 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM. LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.last_img read more

Housing Building Sucre 812 / Ana Smud + Alberto Smud

first_imgArchitects: Alberto Smud, Ana Smud Area Area of this architecture project Projects “COPY” Manufacturers: Listone Giordano, Alsa carpinterias, Pimux, WAGGProject Team:Ana Sol Smud, Alberto Smud, Pilar Esnagola, Sasha Molczadzki, Camila Jalife, Florencia Lopez IriquinLighting:Pablo PizarroConstruction:Alberto SmudInterior Design:Agustina GentiliArt Direction:Marilina MartignoneCity:BelgranoCountry:ArgentinaMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Javier Agustín RojasRecommended ProductsFiber Cements / CementsDuctal®Ductal® Cladding Panels (EU)Fiber Cements / CementsULMA Architectural SolutionsPaper Facade Panel in Leioa School RestorationDoorsdormakabaEntrance Doors – Revolving Door 4000 SeriesWindowsVitrocsaMinimalist Window – SlidingText description provided by the architects. Casa Sucre building is located in Belgrano residential neighborhood, in Buenos Aires, in a two-front lot.Save this picture!© Javier Agustín RojasSave this picture!FachadaSave this picture!© Javier Agustín RojasFrom its origin the Project was conceived from three central core topics: The relationship between the gathering spaces and resting areas, the link between the experiences in covered spaces and the traditionally open areas, and the possible gradual dialogues between transparency and opacity, that is created in the building’s front, with a profound interior.Save this picture!© Javier Agustín RojasSave this picture!Planta bajaSave this picture!© Javier Agustín RojasThe building’s plan consists of two apartments per floor. In them, gathering areas (living room and integrated kitchen) were thought to be facing the front, whilst the backside of the building was destined to the bedrooms. The plan design enhances shared experiences encouraging new forms of creating intimacy, not only by its distribution but also the size attribution for each space.Save this picture!© Javier Agustín RojasSave this picture!Planta nivel 5Save this picture!© Javier Agustín RojasSave this picture!© Javier Agustín RojasEach living room takes the whole unit width and links with carpentry that enables the balcony fusion, creating a new transitional space between the open and the covered, between the outside and the inside.Save this picture!© Javier Agustín RojasThe building’s facade accompanies this transitional process: the sliding panels, made of stretched fabric, while collaborating with thermic control, lightning, acoustic absorption, and energy savings, generate throughout the day, different dialogues between those inhabiting the building and the environment that contains it.Save this picture!© Javier Agustín RojasSave this picture!SecciónSave this picture!© Javier Agustín RojasProject gallerySee allShow lessSpring 2021 Sciame Lecture SeriesLecture SeriesSplit House / FMD ArchitectsSelected ProjectsProject locationAddress:Belgrano, CABA, ArgentinaLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share 2020 Housing Area:  2165 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Save this picture!© Javier Agustín Rojas+ 46Curated by Clara Ott Share Year:  ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/958220/housing-building-sucre-812-ana-smud-plus-alberto-smud Clipboard ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/958220/housing-building-sucre-812-ana-smud-plus-alberto-smud Clipboardcenter_img Housing Building Sucre 812 / Ana Smud + Alberto SmudSave this projectSaveHousing Building Sucre 812 / Ana Smud + Alberto Smud ArchDaily Housing Building Sucre 812 / Ana Smud + Alberto Smud CopyHousing•Belgrano, Argentina Argentina Photographs:  Javier Agustín Rojas Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Photographs “COPY” CopyAbout this officeAna SmudOfficeFollowAlberto SmudOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingBelgranoOn FacebookArgentinaPublished on March 09, 2021Cite: “Housing Building Sucre 812 / Ana Smud + Alberto Smud” [Edificio de viviendas Sucre 812 / Ana Smud + Alberto Smud] 09 Mar 2021. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesTechnowoodGRP Siding Façade SystemGlassMitrexSolar GreenhouseMetal PanelsAurubisMill Finished Copper: Nordic StandardMetallicsHAVER & BOECKERArchitectural Wire Mesh – MULTI-BARRETTE 8130Enclosures / Double Skin FacadesIsland Exterior FabricatorsCurtain Wall Facade SystemsSealantsEffisusGutter Repair – TiteGutter3Aluminium CompositesSculptformAluminium Click-on BattensTiles / Mosaic / GresiteMargresPorcelain Tiles – Linea PrestigeMetallicsRHEINZINKZinc Roof Systems – Click Roll CapsTiles / Mosaic / GresiteTerrealTerracotta Cladding TileDoorsECLISSESliding Pocket Door – ECLISSE UnilateralWindowsJoskoWindows and Sliding Doors – ONE SeriesMore products »Save想阅读文章的中文版本吗?阿根廷集体住宅Sucre 812 / Ana Smud + Alberto Smud是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

BHF launches major campaign for Hearts in Crisis

first_img The British Heart Foundation (BHF) has launched its biggest ever fundraising campaign, Help a Heart Week, which takes place during June 2005.The Help a Heart Week campaign runs from 4 to 12 June 2005. It has been designed with a fully integrated, cross-organisational approach and includes corporate partnerships, BHF shops, website activity, through the line advertising, community fundraising and a nationwide direct mailing campaign.The campaign has been designed in partnership with Target Direct and aims to drive donations and recruit new supporters to the charity. Advertisement Tagged with: Individual giving About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 16 May 2005 | News AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThiscenter_img Marketing activity includes the BHF’s first new direct response TV advertisement for two years on digital and terrestrial stations starting on 16 May. The advert demonstrates how heart disease can strike without warning and the devastating impact the disease can have on families.Press advertising will appear in a number of national titles, featuring a smashed perfume bottle with the strap line, “Fatal for Her” dramatising the impact of heart disease on people’s lives. New and existing BHF corporate partners are supporting the campaign. Shredded Wheat will donate £1 for every token sent in from the backs of packs and Tetley will promote the campaign on four million packs and donate 50p for each pack sold. Comet will distribute promotional postcards throughout their network of 250 stores. Shoppers can give spare change using Coinstar’s blue machines in selected supermarkets. Other supporters include MBNA, Weight Watchers, Candis, Deloitte, Yorkshire Bank, Clydesdale Bank, Cannons Health and Fitness Clubs and Courtneys Leisure Centres, BHF launches major campaign for Hearts in Crisis  27 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThislast_img read more

Body found at River Shannon

first_imgLinkedin Report by Andrew CareyTHE body of a young female has been found at the River Shannon during the course of a search for missing Limerick teenager Chloe Kinsella.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up Search units attached to Limerick Marine Search and Rescue discovered the body this morning and it is to be removed to the University Hospital Limerick for further examination.Gardai confirmed that the body was recovered by divers at Browns Quay, Thomondgate shortly before midday.Information is still being sought regarding the missing teen.Foul play has been ruled out in the discovery.Meantime, the body of a Polish man missing in Limerick since September 6 last has been discovered at his home. Facebook NewsBreaking newsBody found at River ShannonBy admin – October 4, 2013 801 Email Previous articleZoe’s Auditions win the Audience FavouriteNext articleChief Justice highlights need for reform of court system admincenter_img Advertisement Print Twitter WhatsApplast_img read more

Pringle confronts Minister Doherty on ongoing Illness Benefit delays

first_imgAudioHomepage BannerNews DL Debate – 24/05/21 Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Google+ RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Google+ Twitter Pinterest Pringle confronts Minister Doherty on ongoing Illness Benefit delays Facebook Despite the Minister for Social Protection committing to resolving issues with the Illness Benefit System, Donegal Deputy Thomas Pringle claims delays still persist.In the Dail today, Deputy Pringle confronted Minister Regina Doherty on the continued delays affecting many people arising from a technological upgrade of the Illness Benefit systemDeputy Pringle says many people not only in Donegal but across the country have been left in a precarious situation:Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/pringleweb.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. FT Report: Derry City 2 St Pats 2 center_img Facebook WhatsApp Previous article2019 Premier Division Fixtures ReleasedNext articleDonegal Councillor found not guilty of assault causing harm News Highland Pinterest News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Twitter By News Highland – December 19, 2018 WhatsApp Harps come back to win in Waterford Derry draw with Pats: Higgins & Thomson Reaction last_img read more

Genetic genealogy identifies suspect in teens’ 1982 double murder: Family ‘had lost hope’

first_imgFremont Police Department(FREMONT, Calif.) — After decades of grieving the mysterious slayings of two 16-year-old cousins, their family may now have an answer.Through DNA and genetic genealogy, their suspected killer has been identified, according to police in California. But he won’t be prosecuted, as he died 20 years ago.The victims, Jeffrey Flores Atup and Mary Jane Malatag, were found dead along roadways on the morning of Dec. 20, 1982, according to Fremont police.“Our family over the years had lost hope in believing that we would ever have justice in knowing” what happened and who was behind it, the cousins’ relatives said in a statement released by police.The teens were last seen late the night before their bodies were found and were believed to be walking home in Milpitas, just outside of San Jose, said police.But the case went cold for decades — until Fremont police Det. Jacob Blass took a new look and realized DNA technology may crack the case, Fremont police said Tuesday. To identify the suspected killer, police turned to the novel investigative technique of genetic genealogy.Genetic genealogy compares unknown DNA evidence from a crime scene to public genealogy databases, which are populated by the DNA of family members who voluntarily upload their DNA.Genetic genealogy has been called a “game-changer” in cracking cold cases. Since the arrest of the suspected “Golden State Killer” in April 2018, about 100 suspects have been identified through the technology, according to Parabon NanoLabs Chief Genetic Genealogist CeCe Moore, who worked on the Atup and Malatag case.By tracing the family tree of the teens’ unknown killer, investigators zeroed in on Clifton Hudspeth as a possible suspect, said police.Hudspeth, who had a history including bank robberies, sexual assaults and attempted homicide, was 31 years old at the time of the crime, police said. His home was a 4-minute drive from where Atup’s body was discovered, police said.But Hudspeth died in 1999 from a medical condition, police said, so they obtained a search warrant and exhumed his remains from a Santa Clara cemetery. Hudspeth’s DNA confirmed he was the suspect, police said.It’s believed Hudspeth acted alone, police said, but a motive is not clear.“We are attempting to put our lives back together as we re-mourn the loss of our beloveds,” the family said in their statement.“We will be forever thankful to Detective Blass in never forgetting about these 2 innocent children,” the family added. “We would also like to thank the Fremont police department as well as the initial detectives who worked on this case.”Fremont police said Hudspeth may have been involved in other crimes around the time of the teens’ slayings. He had been in Arkansas and San Diego before Atup and Malatag were killed, police said. Anyone with information can call Det. Blass at 510-790-6963.Copyright © 2019, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

A new global biome reconstruction and data-model comparison for the Middle Pliocene

first_imgAim To produce a robust, comprehensive global biome reconstruction for the Middle Pliocene (c. 3.6–2.6 Ma), which is based on an internally consistent palaeobotanical data set and a state-of-the-art coupled climate–vegetation model. The reconstruction gives a more rigorous picture of climate and environmental change during the Middle Pliocene and provides a new boundary condition for future general circulation model (GCM) studies. Location Global. Methods Compilation of Middle Pliocene vegetation data from 202 marine and terrestrial sites into the comprehensive GIS data base TEVIS (Tertiary Environmental Information System). Translation into an internally consistent classification scheme using 28 biomes. Comparison and synthesis of vegetation reconstruction from palaeodata with the outputs of the mechanistically based BIOME4 model forced by climatology derived from the HadAM3 GCM. Results The model results compare favourably with available palaeodata and highlight the importance of employing vegetation–climate feedbacks and the anomaly method in biome models. Both the vegetation reconstruction from palaeobotanical data and the BIOME4 prediction indicate a general warmer and moister climate for the Middle Pliocene. Evergreen taiga as well as temperate forest and grassland shifted northward, resulting in much reduced tundra vegetation. Warm-temperate forests (with subtropical taxa) spread in mid and eastern Europe and tropical savannas and woodland expanded in Africa and Australia at the expense of deserts. Discrepancies which occurred between data reconstruction and model simulation can be related to: (1) poor spatial model resolution and data coverage; (2) uncertainties in delimiting biomes using climate parameters; or (3) uncertainties in model physics and/or geological boundary conditions. Main conclusions The new global biome reconstruction combines vegetation reconstruction from palaeobotanical proxies with model simulations. It is an important contribution to the further understanding of climate and vegetation changes during the Middle Pliocene warm interval and will enhance our knowledge about how vegetation may change in the future.last_img read more