Crude Oil in One Hour, Not Millions of Years

first_img(Visited 82 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 A slurry of algae with the right heat and pressure can produce crude oil in one hour.The Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has succeeded in producing crude oil in an hour and is now working on making the process run continuously for rapid production. The process is actually faster than an hour, Science Daily reports:Engineers have created a continuous chemical process that produces useful crude oil minutes after they pour in harvested algae — a verdant green paste with the consistency of pea soup….In the PNNL process, a slurry of wet algae is pumped into the front end of a chemical reactor. Once the system is up and running, out comes crude oil in less than an hour, along with water and a byproduct stream of material containing phosphorus that can be recycled to grow more algae.Science Daily contrasts the rapid oil-producing process with the “millions of years” nature supposedly used.  The headline reads, “Million-Year Natural Process Takes Minutes in the Lab.”  Engineer Douglas Elliott believes that, too:“It’s a bit like using a pressure cooker, only the pressures and temperatures we use are much higher,” said Elliott. “In a sense, we are duplicating the process in the Earth that converted algae into oil over the course of millions of years. We’re just doing it much, much faster.“As our entry five years ago indicated, though (11/25/08, #7), scientists are not really sure how the earth produces crude oil.  Experiments with fungi back then were so efficient at producing fuel from plant matter, a spokesperson said it “calls into question the whole theory of how crude oil was made by nature in the first place.”When you hear the moyboys tossing around their millions of years recklessly like this, realize they don’t know.  They never experienced a hundred years, let alone a million.  They are just creatures of habit, breathing out their assumptions like smokers puffing smoke.  How long does it take to make oil?  Minutes.  Was there plant material after the Flood?  Lots of it.  Was there heat and pressure?  Plenty.  If you like your science built on empirical data, there it is.last_img read more

The Best Microphones for Sit-Down Interviews

first_imgShooting a documentary or corporate video? These shotguns and lavs are some of the best microphones for capturing sit-down interviews.Top image BEEP via We Are Moving StoriesThe best microphone options for sit-down interviews are shotgun mics and lavalier mics. The best setup is actually one of each — that way you have quality backup audio recorded. Here are a few of the most popular shotgun microphones and video-friendly lavalier mics.Best Shotgun Microphones for InterviewsImage via Rode MicrophonesThese are the most popular microphones for video production. They can be mounted and plugged directly into the camera, or they can be attached to a boom pole and plugged into an audio recorder. Shotgun mics can be used to record in a variety of ways, and it’s their versatility that makes them a must-own for every filmmaker and video producer. Here are the most popular options.1. Rode VideoMic Pro (MSRP: $229 USD)If you own a DSLR or mirrorless camera, the Rode VideoMic Pro is the mic for your camera. Just about everyone uses this microphone for its ease of use and compatibility with the audio jack on DSLR and mirrorless cameras. You just need a 9V battery and you’re ready to go. The microphone comes with a built-in shoe mount to attach to the camera.Specs:Supercardioid Condenser Microphone40Hz to 20kHz Frequency ResponseLightweightLow Noise and High Sensitivity9V Battery Powered1/8″ (3.5 mm) Mini-Jack OutputTwo-Step High Pass FilterThree-Position Level Control2. Sennheiser MKE 400 (MSRP $199 USD)Another shotgun microphone with a built-in shoe mount is the Sennheiser MKE 400. This shotgun microphone comes in at $30 cheaper that the Rode VideoMic Pro, complete with an all metal body and first-rate sound quality. It also takes a single AAA battery, so powering it is cheaper too.Specs:Supercardioid/Lobar40Hz to 20kHzSingle AAA Battery (300 Hours)Coiled 1/8″ (3.5mm) Mini-JackIntegrated Shock MountAll Metal Construction3. Sennheiser MKE 600 (MSRP: $329 USD)Another great shotgun mic from Sennheiser is the MKE 600. This has a traditional shotgun mic body — a single tube that can be mounted to mic stands, boom poles, or attached to cameras. The mic can run with phantom power via XLR cable or with a single AA battery.Specs:Supercardioid/Lobar40Hz to 20kHz48V +/-4V via XLR-3 or AA Size BatteryFor Camcorders and Video DSLRsHighly DirectiveSwitchable Low-Cut FilterShock-Mount for Camera ShoeFoam WindshieldAll Metal Housing4. Rode NTG-2 (MSRP $269 USD)The NTG-2 is Rode’s most popular shotgun microphone. The traditional body can be mounted to mic stands, boom poles, or attached to cameras. Like the MKE 600, this shotgun mic can run with phantom power via XLR cable or with a single AA battery.Specs:Supercardioid Condenser20Hz to 20kHzAA Battery or Phantom PoweredExcellent Off-Axis Signal RejectionBroadcast Sound QualityMetal ConstructionTwo-Step High Pass Filter (Flat/80Hz)Low Weight — 161g5. Rode NTG-3 (MSRP: $699)The Rode NTG-3 is the big brother to the NTG-2, and it has the price point to prove it. This microphone outperforms others on this list, but prepare for the cost — and not just the price point. You’ll need to supply phantom power to operate this mic, so make sure that’s an option with your audio recorder.Specs:Supercardioid Condenser40Hz to 20kHz48V Phantom PowerRF Rejection and Low NoiseBroadcast Sound QualityLightweight — 163g Bonus Budget Buy: Azden SMX-10 (MSRP: $79 USD)The Azden SMX-10 is a budget-buy microphone that will get you decent quality at a tiny cost. No need to go into further detail, you know what you’re getting here — a cheap microphone that will still get the job done.Specs:Dual Unidirectional Stereo Shotgun Microphone100Hz to 18kHz1/8″ (3.5mm) Mini-JackSingle AAA Battery PowerIncludes Windscreen & Mount Best Lavalier Microphones for Sit-Down InterviewsImage via ShutterstockLavalier microphones — or lav mics — are so commonplace in video that audiences don’t even care if the microphone is visible or not. It’s still best to hide the mic — and there are plenty of ways to do that — just make sure your subject is okay with you running cables underneath their clothes. Lavalier mics are best in rooms that have little ambient noise. They come in both wired and wireless varieties, but those options will affect the overall price.1. Sennheiser ME 2 (MSRP: $149 USD)The Sennheiser ME 2 is one of the best all-around lav mics on the market. It’s trusted by amateurs and professionals alike. If you opt to purchase a wireless Sennheiser system, odds are this is the mic you’ll receive with it.Omnidirectional Electret Condenser30Hz to 20kHzWired/Wireless with Transmitter and Receiver1/8″ (3.5 mm) Mini-Jack2. Rode Smartlav+ (MSRP: $79 USD)The Rode Smartlav+ is the perfect lavalier microphone for those without an audio recorder. Designed to be used with smartphones and tablets, the Smartlav+ plugs directly into iOS and Android devices and uses the Rode Rec App for recording. The 3.5mm mini-jack can also be plugged directly into cameras and audio recorders (if you do have one).Omnidirectional60Hz to 18kHzWirediPhone and Android CompatibleUse with Rode Rec App for Apple iOS3. Countryman B3 (MSRP: $238 USD)The Countryman B3 lavalier mic comes in a variety of colors – designed to be hidden from cameras and audiences. It’s practically invisible on camera, measuring only 0.2 inches in diameter. It’s resistant to moisture, so it can easily be hidden in hair or taped to bare skin. Omnidirectional Condenser20Hz to 20KHz +/- 3dB3-Pin XLR Hardwired Connection9V to 48V Phantom4. Countryman B6 (MSRP: $420 USD)The Countryman B6 lav mic is tiny. Very tiny. Like the B3, it’s practically invisible on camera, measuring only 0.1 inches in diameter. It’s also resistant to moisture, so it can easily be hidden in hair or taped to bare skin. Omnidirectional Condenser20Hz to 20kHz +/- 3dB3-Pin XLR Hardwired ConnectionBonus Budget Buy: Audio-Technica ATR-3350iS (MSRP: $29 USD)The Audio-Technica ATR-3350iS is certainly one of the most popular options out there due to its extremely low price. This microphone is okay. If you have a limited budget, I would go with this strictly for backup audio. It can connect to cameras, smartphones, tablets, and audio recorders.Specs: Omnidirectional CondenserWiredLR44 BatteryLow Profile Design1/8″ (3.5mm) Dual Mono OutputiOS/Android Smartphone AdapterIncludes Tie Clip & Foam WindscreenWhat are your go-to microphones for sit-down interviews? Share your gear in the comments below!last_img read more

India can win 10 medals at the Tokyo Olympics: IOA president Narinder Batra

first_imgIndian Olympic Association president Narinder Batra is a fastidious sports administrator. At a time when the nation is rejoicing over the country’s record medal haul at the Asian Games in Jakarta – 15 gold, 24 silver and 30 bronze for an aggregate of 69 – Batra says there are more dreams to be fulfilled.A week before the Games started in Jakarta and Palembang, Batra had told Mail Today his conservative estimate was India would win between 65 and 70 medals this time. “Yes, we have done well but there is no need to go overboard. I have done my assessment and sincerely feel we have potential to achieve a lot more,” Batra told Mail Today on Sunday from the Indonesian capital.Three days ago when India lost the men’s hockey semi-final to Malaysia, he was gutted. Even today, he feels the men’s team has let the nation down and winning bronze against Pakistan is “no big deal.”ASIAN GAMES 2018 FULL COVERAGE”We cannot be happy with such small things, we were supposed to win gold and qualify for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics. The path ahead is a tough one and the process of regrouping, restructuring and rebuilding has to be a top priority. We have the World Cup in Bhubaneshwar this year. That is one challenge. Looking ahead, we have to qualify for the Olympics and that will take effort,” he said.”As IOA president, I am happy the women’s team fought well to win silver. They showed great heart and can also dream of qualifying for the Olympics,” added Batra.advertisementSo, what is the big dream India should indulge in, according to Batra? “If you ask me, we should win around 100 medals each in the next Commonwealth Games and the Asian Games. It is achievable and we have to believe we have the talent, hunger and drive. As regards the Tokyo Olympics, I will not be happy with less than 10 medals from the Indian athletes. We won six in London and there are several disciplines where we have potential,” he said.The IOA president, who also heads the international hockey federation (FIH) says celebrations in India should not blind athletes and administrators to the challenges ahead. “Athletes deserve glory and awards but they have to get back to training all over again. There is great planning which is required and as the IOA president all I can say is each national sports federation, the sports ministry, Sports Authority of India and other stakeholders chalk out plans and work on it” he said.Batra feels India have potential to win medals in quite a few disciplines and attaining early qualification for the Olympics has to be prioritised. “Athletics, shooting, badminton, wrestling, boxing, weightlifting, tennis are some of the sport where we have the potential. Even table tennis. The process of identifying which disciplines we need to focus on has to start soon. That’s my view, any delay will not help,” he stressed.On the role of national sports federations, he felt the ones like gymnastics, archery, judo, needed to get their house in order. “It’s one thing for courts of law to have administrators. Unless the federation has elected people on board and runs it in a professional way, we cannot groom athletes. What we won in archery at the Asian Games is not an Olympic event. Look at judo, we have not groomed talent. In gymnastics, too, we need to work harder,” said Batra.Lavishing praise on the government – sports ministry and Sports Authority of India – the IOA president said their full support makes a huge difference. “One cannot imagine Indian sportsmen succeeding in sporting events unless there is government support for funding, camps, infrastructure, foreign coaches and so on. This is a non-stop process and I am sure preparations for the Olympic cycle and the next Commonwealth and Asian Games will be done with full backing from the government,” added Batra.His advice to sports federations and athletes is start work soon and give it the best shot. “I repeat, we can win medals in the Tokyo Olympics in double digits. Two years is not far away and work has to start now. The goal will be to focus on athletes with genuine medal prospects,” said Batra.last_img read more

Formula One: Ferrari say wheel rim issue caused Sebastian Vettel’s testing crash

first_imgA wheel rim issue caused Sebastian Vettel’s crash in pre-season testing, Ferrari said on Thursday.The crash at turn three of the Circuit de Catalunya on Wednesday morning was the first setback for the 2018 runners-up with a new SF90 car that has otherwise looked impressively quick and reliable.”After thorough checks we found that Seb’s off yesterday was due to a rim issue,” a Ferrari spokeswoman said.”The rim had been damaged a few seconds before by an impact with a foreign object.”Vettel’s young Monegasque team mate Charles Leclerc was testing the car on Thursday with the four-times world champion German, who was not hurt in Wednesday’s incident, due to return for the final day on Friday.The season-opening race in Australia is on March 17.Also Read | Sebastian Vettel crashes, Carlos Sainz goes fastest in pre-season testingAlso Read | Fernando Alonso to test for McLaren F1 team and assist drivers in ambassadorial roleAlso Read | Renault appoint Sergey Sirotkin as F1 reserve driverlast_img read more

Cesar Millans Hints For A Happy Hound On Independence Day

first_imgCesar Millan gave some handy hints in the Huffington Post prior to Independence Day on how to keep your pets happy during fireworks and celebrations.“Whether it’s a huge show put on by a city or just the neighbors setting off firecrackers in the backyard, it can be a loud experience, and very frightening and stressful for our dogs. More runaway dogs are rounded up in the days after Independence Day than at any other time. Running away is just one possible result of a dog’s reaction to a sudden loud noise.“When a dog is not calm and balanced, it will react to a stimulus in one of three ways: fight, flight, or avoidance. It will attack, run away, or hide. “Flight” and “avoidance” may sound like the same thing, but they’re not, and the difference is important. A dog in flight will run away from everything, while a dog avoiding will go to a familiar, safe place, like under a bed or into its kennel.“All dogs react differently to the noise of fireworks. If you’re lucky (or have prepared your dog properly), then they’ll just ignore them. Barking at the sound is also a common reaction of the “fight” sort. Trying desperately to get out of the house by scratching at walls or doors or running around is flight, while disappearing into a safe “den” is avoidance.“The first thing to remember when your dog is in any unbalanced state is to withhold affection. This can be difficult to do, but it’s best for your dog in the long run. If you pick up or hold a dog that’s scared and try to pet and reassure them, this will not calm them down. All it does is tell them that you approve of their mental state at that time. Give affection to a frightened dog and you will teach your dog to be afraid of everything.“Ideally, you should prepare your dogs well ahead of time for the loud noises of fireworks by gradually desensitizing them — playing the noises of fireworks while distracting them, for example. If you haven’t had a chance to do this, then there’s still time between now and the Fourth to get ready. Here are some things you can do:1. Relocate
If your dog does react badly to fireworks, try to arrange to keep her in a place where there won’t be any loud displays, such as at a friend’s or relative’s house, or at a professional dog boarding facility with which your dog is familiar. If the place is unfamiliar, try to take your dog there a few times before the holiday so it won’t be a big surprise when you leave her there on the day of.2. Exercise
If you can’t arrange for your dog to be elsewhere, then take him on a long walk before the festivities start in order to drain his energy, making him less likely to become excited when the fireworks go off. Your dog should be completely exhausted, leaving his brain tired enough that he won’t be able to concentrate on the noise.3. Disguise
No, this doesn’t involve putting a funny mask on your dog. Disguise the sound of fireworks by using dog-safe ear protection, like Mutt Muffs, which go over a dog’s ears like headphones. Note that you should never use any kind of plug that goes inside of a dog’s ear. Since the openings are so much larger and deeper than in human ears, it would be very easy to lose an earplug inside, leading to a trip to the vet. Blocking the noise, though, may help minimize reactions to it.4. Distract
When the fireworks go off, try engaging your dog in obedience behavior, having her do whatever tricks you’ve taught her for treats. If you have a treadmill, now is a great time to have your dog walk on it — the forward motion will re-direct her brain away from the fireworks and focus it on the physical action. Finally, scent is another great way to distract your dog by engaging her nose.5. Restrain
It can help to keep your dog on-leash, even indoors, during the fireworks — but especially if you have to be outdoors. This will give you control over him, and keep him from being able to run away if his reaction is flight. It is also very important that your dog wears proper I.D. at all times, as well as has a microchip, in case he does run away.6. Maintain
Remember, it is up to you to show calm, assertive leadership when the loud noises start. If you go about your business and don’t make a big deal about it, you’ll help your dog to understand that nothing terrible is going to happen. By not altering your routine, you help make the fireworks part of that routine for your dog.“Most of all, know your dog and know what to expect. If your dog is the type to try hiding from the noises, then have a kennel ready in advance so she has a safe place to run to. If your dog tends to get hyperactive or aggressive, then plan ahead with plenty of exercise.”To read more of Cesar’s hints, read his blog on read more

Terrell Owens To Get Tryout With Seahawks

Maybe there is another shot at the NFL out there for Terrell Owens, the six-time Pro Bowl receiver whose knee injury and disruptive behavior has kept him out of the league the last two years. Reports are flying that the Seattle Seahawks are looking to bring in the troubled Owens for a tryout. The Seahawks are desperate for receiver help, with only Sidney Rice and Doug Baldwin are reliable options at the position.However, Owens tweeted Sunday night that the rumors he would visit Seattle are “not true.”Why Owens would deny reports is a mystery, especially since the Seahawks confirmed a report from KJR-AM in Seattle late Sunday night that Owens would be working out for the Seahawks on Monday. The team is off Monday before returning to practice Tuesday.Owens needs an opportunity in the worst way. He is 38 years old. He has publicly admitted that he has squandered his career earnings made while playing in the NFL.And just two weeks ago, an Atlanta judge threatened him with jail time if he does not make good on back child support.Owens has not played in the NFL since the 2010 season with the Cincinnati Bengals, when he caught 72 passes for 983 yards and nine touchdowns. Things quickly fell apart for Owens during that offseason. He could not find a team to offer him a contract to play even a portion of the 2011 season.He did have 35 catches for 420 yards and 10 touchdowns while playing eight of 11 games for the Allen Wranglers of the Indoor Football League. He was cut and lost an ownership stake in the team in May.Owens clearly still wants to play, though some of that could be financially related with his vast having money problems. But his antics and mouth have prevented teams from even granting him a tryout, which really means, “He isn’t worth the trouble.” read more

Floyd Mayweather Says He Wants to Buy LA Clippers

Floyd Mayweather Jr., the boxing megamillionaire who has had his own issues with controversial race-related comments, said he has an interest in purchasing the Los Angeles Clippers, which likely will be up for sale by banned owner Donald Sterling after NBA owners vote to force him to sell, as suggested by the league’s commissioner.Mayweather, a regular at Clippers and Lakers games in Los Angeles, met with a group of reporters in a VIP lounge at the MGM Grand, where he will face fellow welterweight titleholder Marcos Maidana in a unification fight in a Showtime network pay-per-view main event on Saturday night.Insisting he was serious, Mayweather said he spoke with his adviser, Al Haymon, about teaming with Mayweather Promotions chief executive Leonard Ellerbe, Golden Boy Promotions chief executive Richard Schaefer and possibly others to make a bid for the Clippers.“I called Al about that to see if me, Leonard and Al, and hopefully Richard and a couple of other guys, a couple other of my billionaire guys, we can come together and see what we can come up with,” Mayweather said. “Hopefully, we can do it, and it’s not just talk.“With me, I can’t come in talking about Mayweather only gonna get 3 percent, 4 percent. I got to get a solid percentage. Do we want to buy the Clippers? Yes, we do. We are very, very interested in buying the Clippers. We’ll keep the Clippers right where they’re at. When I’m not boxing, I’m at the games all the time. We do want to buy the Clippers. . ..  and we can afford the Clippers.”Mayweather, an avid sports gambler in Las Vegas, where he lives, added, “Once I get ownership in the Clippers I can no longer bet, so I have to stop that completely.”Mayweather, whose $73.5 million in minimum purses for his two fights in 2013 made him the world’s highest-paid athlete, said his interactions with Sterling had been positive.“Donald Sterling, he’s been getting a lot of negative press and my thing is this–I don’t have nothing negative to say about this guy,” Mayweather said. “He’s always treated me with the utmost respect. He has always invited me to games, always. Has always told me, ‘Floyd, I want you to sit right next to me and my wife.’ I don’t know about the [alleged] mistress. But I’m talking about him and the wife.”Schaefer, who has been promoting his fights since 2007, said: “When (Mayweather) tells you guys he’s interested in buying the Clippers, he’s not just saying that for an interview. He’s really serious about it and I’m sure he could rally the necessary people around him to support him in a bid like that.”Mayweather is not the only celebrity to show interest in buying the team. Music and film mogul David Geffen also could be a candidate, according to the Los Angeles Times.Mayweather’s own past issues with making racist remarks could prove to be a hurdle, as could his history of legal troubles and affinity for gambling.  He has been known to often wager six-figure sums on NBA games.In 2010, he unleashed a profanity-filled rant with racial overtones in an Internet video against Filipino boxer Manny Pacquiao, with whom he has not been able to make a deal to fight in what would be boxing’s biggest event. read more

Woodland unveils new names for two schools

first_imgWOODLAND — The Woodland Public Schools board announced the new names for Woodland Primary School and Woodland Intermediate School at its meeting Monday night. Starting in the 2019-2020 school year, Woodland Primary will go by Columbia Elementary School and the intermediate school will be named North Fork Elementary School.The board renamed the schools due to reconfiguration in the district starting at the same time. Woodland Primary School, a K-1 school, and Woodland Intermediate School, which houses grades 2 to 4, will both become K-4 schools next school year. That will give the district three K-4 schools, along with Yale Elementary School, while Woodland Middle School will continue to serve fifth- through eighth-graders and Woodland High School will continue as a traditional 9-12 school.last_img read more

Sarri We could have won better

first_imgMaurizio Sarri feels Chelsea could have won better but lost a bit of focus that allowed Brighton back into the match on Sunday.Sarri’s men ran away 2-1 winners over Brighton thanks to goals from Pedro and Eden Hazard but Italian manager Sarri wasn’t too satisfied with the manner of the victory.“I think that we could have won better,” Sarri said as cited by team talk.Jose Mourinho is sold on Lampard succeeding at Chelsea Tomás Pavel Ibarra Meda – September 14, 2019 Jose Mourinho wanted to give his two cents on Frank Lampard’s odds as the new Chelsea FC manager, he thinks he will succeed.There really…“We played very well for 60 minutes. We conceded a goal when we were in full control. In my mind it was clear in that moment that we had to suffer in the box, we are not a physical team. I tried with the substitutions to have more of a physical presence.“When we have the feeling to be in control of the match it is dangerous for ourselves. The first situation in our box in 30 minutes, I think we were a bit unlucky. When we are sure to be in control of the match.“Complacency? I don’t know.”last_img read more