Ludwig van Beethoven wrote music that has endured for centuries. Interpreted by classical musicians and contemporary artists alike, his work is found in everything from disco hits to movie scores to TV shows and rap songs. In his own day, the fiery, tempestuous composer was a skilled improviser and innovator, and the first major composer to include voices in his symphonic works. On the 250th anniversary of his birth in December 1770, six Harvard-affiliated composers reflect on the continuing significance of his work.Yosvany Terry Senior Lecturer on Music and Director of Jazz Ensembles,Without a doubt, Beethoven was one of the most celebrated composers of his time. I believe he is one of those figures that you cannot escape, in the same way you can’t escape Mozart, Bach, Brahms, Debussy, Ravel, Prokofiev, Shostakovich. Studying music without studying Beethoven is like trying to become an opera composer without knowing Mozart, who contributed so much.Beethoven is very interesting because he represented that special connection between what historians would call Classicism and Romanticism, and you can see this transformation/connection in his music. Another thing that fascinates me about Beethoven — in addition to his mastery of both composition and musical transformation — is that he was a great improviser. You can hear that, but you really see it when you study his music. It is known that he was an incredible improviser during his time and that ability, I think, brought freshness to the natural way in which he was able to take his music material and develop it over and over. I consider this to be one of the aspects that connects him with some genres of music that have improvisation at its core, and as a jazz and contemporary musician who studied classical music, I take a lot of inspiration from it. When you listen to his sonatas, piano trios, string quartets, symphonies, you are just facing a genius, and you have to stop and celebrate his ingenuity as a composer.,Beethoven also helped to revolutionize the pianoforte, which is one of the ancestors of the piano as we know it today, with his compositions and musical explorations. The “Hammerklavier” sonata is a testament to how he pushes the boundaries of the instrument searching for new ways of expressions and sonorities. But to focus just on his piano work doesn’t really capture the genius composer, because when you hear his music, you realize he really understood what for us is the ultimate instrument, the orchestra. He understood it from the inside out and in incredible detail.As a composer, you go back study the scores, analyze the music, and learn from the composition process and the principles that earlier composers created for their own work. Beethoven is one of the key figures you have to grapple with, like Bach, Mozart, Ravel, and Bartok. As a jazz artist, you need to study Charlie Parker, Thelonious Monk, and John Coltrane. You cannot skip them.Yvette J. Jackson Assistant Professor, Department of Music,The first eight measures of the second movement of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 9 are a magnificent whirlwind of energy. I cannot resist listening to a recording of the Molto vivace scherzo in D minor without repeating the opening sequence six or seven times before allowing the movement to unfold; it’s an attempt to sustain the feeling that it brings me. The immediacy with which Beethoven demands the listener’s attention is something I think about with my own compositions. I also think about who gets memorialized and who does not and the reasons behind these decisions.While the 250th anniversary of Beethoven’s birth is being celebrated by different communities around the world, my attention is on George Augustus Polgreen Bridgetower, the Afro-European virtuosic violinist who inspired Beethoven’s “Kreutzer” sonata. Beethoven ended up removing his name from the dedication and, like many Black musicians and composers, Bridgetower’s contributions have been forgotten or obscured until recently. As efforts to resurrect these histories are being expanded by artists, scholars, and artist-scholars, I am influenced by FORGEWITHGEORGE and its commissioned composers; it is a music project Nicole Cherry began in 2016 to celebrate Bridgetower’s legacy. Cherry, assistant professor of violin at the University of Texas at San Antonio, is premiering a new body of repertory for solo or chamber violin each year until 2033, the 200th anniversary of the Slavery Abolitionist Act in England. (Bridgetower lived in London.) While audiences convene for online lecture series and virtual concerts to commemorate the works of Ludwig van Beethoven, I hope the same audiences will devote an equal level of enthusiasm toward learning more about the artists of color and women who have contributed without receiving the deserved recognition.Matthew Aucoin ’12Director, American Modern Opera Company,One thing that sets Beethoven apart, especially from the Viennese Classical music of the generation before him, is its sheer explosiveness. You often have the sense, with the very first note of a Beethoven piece, that it bursts into existence as a result of some uncontainable pressure that must have been building for a long time before the piece was born, a pressure that finally became unbearable.,Just listen to the chords that open the “Eroica” Symphony, or the “Coriolan” Overture. These pieces begin with a tearing, rending gesture — some fabric is being ripped, some curtain is being torn down so that we can gain entry into a new space. That was a radical gesture, fundamentally different from the way an immediate predecessor like Mozart would begin a piece. A lot of Mozart pieces seem to emerge fully formed, as if through a virgin birth. With Beethoven you can feel the struggle.And I think that sense of struggle, of effort, is part of what makes Beethoven’s music so affecting. It’s magnificently wrought, of course, but it almost never feels easy. There is clearly a human subject at the center of the whirlwind, standing calmly in the eye of the storm, and it can be a powerful experience, as you play Beethoven’s music or listen to it, to try to identify with that subject.Vijay Iyer Franklin D. and Florence Rosenblatt Professor of the Arts,Beethoven has occupied an outsized place in the U.S. zeitgeist for as long as I can remember. An arrangement of his Symphony No. 5 even showed up on the “Saturday Night Fever” soundtrack in 1977, when I was 6. Harvard’s string quartet in residence, the Parker Quartet, put out a spectacular recording last year of three of Beethoven’s quartets. Even though I grew up playing and enjoying his music, I always felt a little removed from his legacy. The composer’s presence in the American imagination plays into a fantasy of continuity with European culture, which is also imagined to be “pure,” free of any non-European presence.,But what we know of Beethoven’s world complicates that picture, even beyond theories around his ethnic heritage that I won’t get into here. The fact is that all of Europe participated in the economies of imperialism and enslavement, and the continent was home to many individuals who were born of those violent histories. Beethoven’s Violin Sonata No. 9, more commonly known as the “Kreutzer” sonata, was initially composed not for violinist Rodolphe Kreutzer, but for the composer’s friend, the Afro-European violinist and composer George Bridgetower. In 1803, Bridgetower performed a dazzling premiere of the piece, with the delighted Beethoven at the piano; but the two musicians quarreled after the concert, and the composer decided to revoke his original dedication.In recent years Bridgetower has been the subject of considerable research and speculation, notably in poet Rita Dove’s book “Sonata Mulattica.” In 2015 the violinist Jennifer Koh asked me to write a companion piece to the “Kreutzer” sonata. My response was “Bridgetower Fantasy,” a collection of musical imaginings about George Bridgetower.From our 21st-century vantage, considering Bridgetower’s unique circumstance, we can only see him as an ambiguous figure who, in embodying difference, provoked inspiration, fantasy, desire, anger, and finally, erasure. When reflecting on the greatness of a figure like Beethoven, I find it helpful to remind myself how much of music’s history lies deep beneath its surface — and particularly how many great music-makers barely left a trace in the archive.Chaya Czernowin Walter Bigelow Rosen Professor of Music,If composers are allowed to contribute to the flow of the music stream through their voices, Beethoven has imagined and was able to intervene and change the riverbed. In his middle period we can hear modernity, which can never become conventional: We hear the premonition of the conventional and its subversion in action. This is a live testimony for modernity because both are there, the convention and its subversion, the act of intervening for the sake of reexamination or finding a new path is asserted as something tangible, a kind of an essence of modernity which can be always experienced, regardless of style.However I am truly fascinated with Beethoven’s late period. There all dialectics have melted away and ceased to exist. The intense and conflicting emotions comprising the fabric of the music interweave into a new transparent fabric of unified reflection. This fabric is so different from the fabric of dialectic of the middle period: In Beethoven’s late period he reaches a gaze, which has left the rebelliousness and anger behind and originates in a bird view of emotionality and behavior, which is sublime and abstract. At times one is unsure whether this is acceptance or total dissolution or delirium, whether this is utmost spirituality where one maintains a belief learned through emotional strain or a descent into the deepest crevices of the bodily existence and delirium. As unfathomable as it is, it seems to me to be both. The constant seismographic micromovements, which draw a path or a continuum between acceptance to dissolution or delirium makes the authenticity of this gaze even stronger and deeply touching for me.This gaze is strange. It is at the same time universal and truly singular. At its base there is a foreign element, which is like a diamond of expression which is not breakable, never diluted or possible to explain and with which I remain forever fascinated.Veronica Leahy ’23,From all accounts, Beethoven was not only a great composer but also a legendary improviser. His famous improvisation duel with Daniel Steibelt was almost like the equivalent of a modern-day jam session. Something to note about this duel was that Beethoven did not fabricate an entire new sonic world on the fly; rather, he embellished upon the first few measures of the sheet music that Steibelt dramatically threw to the ground. His ability to embellish on themes and organically develop motifs is apparent throughout his entire catalog and is what has had the greatest impact on me as a composer and, perhaps even more, as an improviser. Sometimes the most compelling pieces or solos, regardless of genre, consist of taking a simple rhythm or a small sequence of notes and repeatedly turning it on its head. Beethoven could imagine the same melody from many different perspectives, which is quite remarkable considering that he could not literally hear them. Take his Fifth Symphony, which we all know and love. He could twist around those four notes in such compelling ways that, nearly two and half centuries later, we still feels its resonance and ingenuity. Beethoven’s music can be connected with on both a highly intellectual and intuitive level, forcing both the mind and body to respond intensely. The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news.
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Lamont PrideThe North Carolina man who killed a New York City police officer from Long Island during a botched home invasion has been sentenced to 45 years to life in prison.Brooklyn Judge Alan Marrus handed down the sentence Thursday to Lamont Pride, 28, who was convicted two weeks ago of murdering NYPD Officer Peter Figoski, a 47-year-old divorced father of four from West Babylon.Pride fatally shot Figoski in December 2011 when officers caught him trying to rob a drug dealer. Figoski’s partner apprehended Pride shortly later.Michael Velez, Pride’s 22-year-old alleged getaway driver, was tried before the same judge but a separate jury acquitted him. He was reportedly sentenced to two years in prison for a parole violation.Two other suspects, 28-year-old Nelson Morales and 31-year-old Kevin Santos, both of Queens, have pleaded not guilty and are awaiting trial.A fifth man involved in the robbery, 23-year-old Ariel Tejada of Queens, had pleaded guilty and agreed to testify against the others in exchange for a lighter sentence.
Ray White Group joint chairman Paul White and his partner Lynne Porcsin at the Ray White Stock Horse Sale in Dalby And Ruby, their red cattle dog.Property records show the couple bought the statement 1930s-style home for $3.025 million in 2014.It sits on an elevated, 926 sqm block and is packed full of traditional features and modern inclusions. Video Player is loading.Play VideoPlayNext playlist itemMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 1:27Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -1:27 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedQuality Levels720p720pHD540p540p360p360p270p270pAutoA, selectedAudio Tracken (Main), selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. 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This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreenWhy Spring 2019 is a good time to sell01:27One of Australia’s leading real estate heavyweights will put his own family home on the market today, and admits selling up does not get any easier with experience.Ray White Group joint chairman Paul White, a third generation leader of the property industry powerhouse, and his partner, Lynne Porcsin, are listing their 1930s style home Arlington at 129 Adelaide Street East at Clayfield. MORE NEWS: Why buyer demand is creating a sellers market Brisbane rents rising faster than other mainland capitals Its proximity to the city, good schools, amenities and public transport is expected to be popular with buyers, in particular local families looking to upgrade and interstate buyers transferring to Brisbane in the new year who are keen to secure a home in a sought-after school catchment.Mr White, who also has the title of Ray White Rural chairman, said it was still “a bit confronting” selling his own home, despite his many years in the industry.“I have sold a few of my own homes and it doesn’t get any easier,” he said. “But it does give you some perspective, some understanding of what vendors go through.” There is also a formal lounge with a gas marble fireplace, a designer kitchen with quality appliances and a butlers pantry, a formal dining room, a family room, library, a glass-framed pool and landscaped gardens, electric iron gates, a triple garage and a security system. More from newsParks and wildlife the new lust-haves post coronavirus11 hours agoNoosa’s best beachfront penthouse is about to hit the market11 hours agoMr White said his favourite spaces were by the pool and on the front veranda, which has a northern aspect and breezes.When asked why they had chosen to list the property now, Mr White said he felt the time was right to attract buyers looking to secure a house for the new year.“The market is very good right now,” he said. “All of our agents are reporting quick clearance rates, but finding properties to sell is hard.“There are more buyers than sellers at the moment, and that is right across Brisbane.” The Ray White Group was established in Crows Nest in rural Queensland in 1902, and now has over 1000 franchises across 11 countries, many of those right here in Brisbane.The couple, who are downsizing, have entrusted Ray White Ascot principal Dwight Ferguson to sell their Clayfield residence.Mr White said the residence had been “beautifully done” when they bought it, but they have since added a few of their own touches. Low rates, strong rental yields boosting investor confidence in Qld They named it Arlington after a Darling Downs sheep station where Mr White worked as a young jackaroo.Features include timber flooring, leadlight windows, ornate ceilings and chandeliers. The single level house sits on a secure 926 sqm block and has four bedrooms including a master bedroom with northern outlooks, a walk-in robe, a stylish ensuite and its own private retreat. Mr White said Arlington would, like so many of the properties marketed by their Ray White offices, go to auction, with the property scheduled to go under the hammer on November 23. He said he, on advice from his agent, would embark on a “full auction campaign”, which will see the listing go live online today, and then feature in the Courier Mail Realestate guide from Saturday. It will also be pushed out across social media, rural and regional newspapers, property listing portals including realestate.com.au and other mediums. “It is no different to what we teach the next generation. Our philosophy has always been that you have to market a property as widely as possible,” he said. “Exposing it to as many potential buyers as possible is the key to getting the best price.“And auctions are the way to go, I believe. It gives everyone the opportunity to come in on an even and transparent playing field and at the end of the day, the highest bid wins.”
Dewhurst winner War Command spearheads a Ballydoyle trio in Tuesday’s St James’s Palace Stakes at Royal Ascot. Press Association The son of War Front landed the Coventry Stakes at the meeting 12 months ago, but was only ninth in the 2000 Guineas on his sole appearance this season. Michaelmas and Giovanni Boldini could also make the trip for trainer Aidan O’Brien, while Dermot Weld’s Irish 2,000 Guineas third Mustajeeb and the Paul Deegan-trained Prince Of All could join the Irish challenge. Kingman and Night Of Thunder both appear among the 12 entries at the latest forefeit stage and are set to clash for the third time this season. While John Gosden’s Kingman was far superior in the Greenham at Newbury, Richard Hannon’s Night Of Thunder turned the tables in the Qipco 2000 Guineas to spring a 40-1 surprise. Night Of Thunder has not run since, but the form of that win could not have worked out any better. Kingman has landed the Irish Guineas, third home Australia won the Derby last week, and Dante and French Derby winner The Grey Gatsby was well behind in 10th. Hannon is also due to run last year’s National Stakes hero Toormore, who could finish only seventh in the Guineas. With stable jockey Richard Hughes on Night Of Thunder, Ryan Moore has been booked. Toormore is owned by James Pak and Middleham Park Racing, and their racing manager Tim Palin said: “We got confirmation Ryan Moore will definitely ride Toormore, which we’re delighted about. “Ryan got on particularly well with Toormore in the Craven. We respect Richard Hughes’ decision to ride Night Of Thunder. He’s always liked that horse, it won the Guineas. It must have been very difficult for him and we’re delighted to be in the race and secure Ryan, a tip-top jockey. “The time of the Craven was an exceptional one. Richard (Hughes) said after the Guineas that Toormore ran flat. We felt he didn’t go there quite on his A-game that day. Hopefully, he will turn up for the St James’s Palace on his A-game. “It’s a very competitive race. There’s Kingman and Night Of Thunder vying for favouritism, but if we can spoil the party that would be great. “Next Tuesday is a big day in Toormore’s life. Either he is the champion from last year and the best of his generation or the Guineas demonstrated the strength in depth of the three-year-old milers this year and that is his place in the pecking order. We will find that out on Tuesday which makes it very exciting.” Charlie Appleby’s Breeders’ Cup winner Outstrip, Mark Johnston’s Bow Creek, Gosden’s Muwaary and the William Haggas-trained Yuften complete the St James’s Palace list.
Dave Stevens joins the Alan Brazil Sports Breakfast to round up the latest sporting odds.The Coral PR manager joins the Breakfast team in reacting to Manchester United’s early Champions League exit on Tuesday, with the Red Devils now 11/1 second favourites – behind Borussia Dortmund – to win the Europa League.Meanwhile, fans have turned on Louis van Gaal and the Dutchman is 33/1 to be the Premier League’s next managerial casualty.Stevo also brings us the also the latest odds ahead of Wednesday’s Champions League action, with Arsenal needing to beat Olympiakos by two clear goals to seal their place in the last 16.The Gunners are 3/1 to win by two or more goals, 21/20 to win the tie while the Greeks are 5/2.Chelsea are looking to avoid exiting at the hands of Jose Mourinho’s former club Porto. The Blues are 5/1 on to qualify, even money to win the game and Porto are 3/1 shots.Coral is the official betting partner of the Alan Brazil Sports Breakfast