Barclays Bank of Kenya Limited (ABSA.ke) Q32016 Interim Report

first_imgAbsa Bank Kenya Plc (ABSA.ke) listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2016 interim results for the third quarter.For more information about Absa Bank Kenya Plc (ABSA.ke) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Absa Bank Kenya Plc (ABSA.ke) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Absa Bank Kenya Plc (ABSA.ke)  2016 interim results for the third quarter.Company ProfileAbsa Bank Kenya Plc formerly known as Barclays Bank of Kenya Limited is a leading financial service provider in Kenya offering banking products and services to the consumer and corporate sectors under the categories Personal Banking, Prestige Banking, Premier Banking, Corporate, Treasury and Lie Assurance. The company specialises in offering solutions for specialist investment banking, financing, risk management and advisory services for corporates, financial institutions and government clients. Its personal banking division offers full-service banking; ranging from personal transactional accounts to credit application and wealth and investment management, with electronic and mobile banking support. The financial institution has approximately 120 outlets and 230 ATMs, with its head office in Nairobi, Kenya. Barclays Bank of Kenya is a subsidiary of Barclays Africa Group Limited. Absa Bank Kenya Plc is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchangelast_img read more

PR Residence / studio.talk

first_img 2020 Indonesia “COPY” Houses PR Residence / studio.talk Save this picture!© Ernest Theofilus+ 32Curated by Hana Abdel Share Projects ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/949370/pr-residence-studialk Clipboard ArchDaily Area:  400 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Architects: studio.talk Area Area of this architecture project CopyHouses•Jakarta, Indonesia Year:  Manufacturers: AutoDesk, Owens Corning, Toto, Adobe, Daiken, Krono Xonic, LIXIL , Lante Kayu, Nero, Niro Granite Indonesia, Roman Ceramics, Trimble NavigationArchitect In Charge:Adi Janitra, Anissa SantosoDesign Team:studio.talkCity:JakartaCountry:IndonesiaMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Ernest TheofilusRecommended ProductsResidential ApplicationsULMA Architectural SolutionsAir Facade Panels in Fonsanta RestaurationBlinds / Mosquito Nets / CurtainsBANDALUXConcealed Blind System – One-BoxWindowsLibartVertical Retracting Doors & WindowsMetallicsTECU®Copper Surface – Classic CoatedText description provided by the architects. Residing in the south side of Jakarta, Indonesia is a recently built two-storey sanctuary for a young family of three. Upon entering the residence, walking along the outside corridor, the family is welcomed by a hint of their lush garden through an aperture on the wall. A perfect glimpse of what the humble abode has to offer to its residents.Save this picture!© Ernest TheofilusSave this picture!First Floor PlanSave this picture!© Ernest TheofilusPR Residence is designed as an inward-looking house – its bedrooms and living spaces are designed around a generous lush, private courtyard with a swimming pool at the rear of the site. An open L.D.K (Living, Dining, Kitchen) layout with direct access to the private courtyard will further enrich entertaining events with family and friends by extending the living room into the courtyard.Save this picture!© Ernest TheofilusLiving areas are designed to have openings on both sides to enable cross ventilation, while finishes are selected to be economical yet remaining natural and rich in textures; gabion walls, cement renders covered in creeping dollar plants and natural volcanic stones in stacked and crazy cut patterns. Custom wooden slat screens are installed as extra shade and where most privacy is required, while adding to the natural texture to the overall material palette.Save this picture!© Ernest TheofilusSave this picture!Section DDSave this picture!© Ernest TheofilusThe prominent natural dark shades of materials used in PR Residence accentuate the lush of the surrounding nature, generating a calm sanctuary from the hustle & bustle of Jakarta. Photographs “COPY” Photographs:  Ernest Theofilus Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/949370/pr-residence-studialk Clipboard Project gallerySee allShow lessSnowpeak Landstation Hakuba / Kengo Kuma & AssociatesSelected ProjectsVertical Courtyard House / Manoj Patel Design StudioSelected Projects Share PR Residence / studio.talkSave this projectSavePR Residence / studio.talk CopyAbout this officestudio.talkOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesJakartaOn FacebookIndonesiaPublished on October 15, 2020Cite: “PR Residence / studio.talk” 14 Oct 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogSinkshansgroheBathroom Mixers – LogisVinyl Walls3MExterior Vinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ StonePartitionsSkyfoldWhere to Increase Flexibility in SchoolsTiles / Mosaic / GresiteCupa PizarrasVentilated Facade – CUPACLAD UprightGlassLAMILUXGlass Roof PR60ConcreteKrytonCrystalline Waterproofing – KIMSkylightsVELUX CommercialAtrium Longlight Skylights in ExperimentariumMetal PanelsLorin IndustriesAnodized Aluminum – Copper FinishesStonesFranken-SchotterWall Covering & CladdingWindowsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Casement Windows – Rabel 8400 Slim Super Thermal PlusSwingsStudio StirlingHanging Chair – BasketWallcovering / CladdingArrigoni WoodsWood Cladding – AcousticMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

International Fund Raising Group renamed

The International Fund Raising Group (IFRG), hosts of the International Fund Raising Workshop in Holland, has changed its name to The Resource Alliance. The word “Resource” was chosen to reflect IFRG’s wider mission of providing its services to all who generate any possible sources of support for voluntary action.Visit The Resource Alliance. International Fund Raising Group renamed Advertisement  12 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 30 October 2000 | News About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. read more

Carol singers collect via contactless card

first_img AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis17 Tagged with: corporate Individual giving mobile Technology About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. The London Community Gospel Choir serenaded shoppers in London’s Covent Garden on Wednesday and collected for charity using cashless cards only. While the choir performed, people were able simply to hold their contactless cards over the charity collection bucket that had been equipped with contactless technology in order to make their donation.The donations were made using pre-paid cards provided for the purpose by Barclays and Barclaycard, so in practice the donations came from the Barclaycard. Each donation of £5 made from the cards through the payment system on the contactless collection bucket was donated to Help a Capital Child, and £2,500 was raised.Contactless cards enable people to make purchases of £15 or less, without the need to enter a PIN or their card into a payment terminal. Once the card has been held over the contactless terminal, the transaction uses a secure network to add automatically the purchase to the customer’s credit card bill or debit it from their current account.Richard Armstrong, Head of UK Payment Acceptance at Barclaycard, said: “At this time of the year, shoppers are often caught short of change when they hear Christmas carollers singing on the high street for charity. We introduced the UK’s first contactless carol singers at London’s Covent Garden to make it easier and quicker for people to make donations on the go.”Barclays says that there are over 15.3 million contactless Barclays debit and Barclaycard credit cards in circulation in the UK.Although the donation was made digitally the charity does not receive contact details of the donor.www.Barclays.co.uk/contactless Howard Lake | 9 December 2011 | News  95 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis17 Carol singers collect via contactless cardlast_img read more

NI charity legislation moves forward

first_img AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis The long awaited charity legislation for Northern Ireland has taken a step forward with the introduction of the Charities Bill into the local Assembly which will amend the provisions of the Charities Act (Northern Ireland) 2008.The introduction of the Bill is the first step in rectifying the legislative issue that has prevented the new Charity Commission putting together a public register of charities, a key part of the new of legislation.Following the summer recess, the legislative process will continue and the Bill should be passed by the Assembly in the autumn of 2012. Once this happens the Charity Commission must consult on our public benefit ./guidance. This should happen late in 2013.The Charity Commission plan to commence registration in the autumn of 2013 if the legislative timetable goes to plan. However the registration process will take a considerable time given that there are up to an estimated 12,000 charities in Northern Ireland.It was originally planned that charity registration would begin at the end of June 2010. Howeve,r as a result of the public consultation and legal advice on the robustness of the definition of a charity, the Charity Commission referred the legislation back to the Department for Social Development in June 2010.www.charitycommissionni.org.uk Tagged with: Ireland Law / policy Northern Ireland  35 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis NI charity legislation moves forward About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 30 July 2012 | Newslast_img read more

Imperialist intervention further destabilizes South Sudan, Central African Republic

first_imgRepublic of Sudan President Omar Hassan al-Bashir flew to the capital of the Republic of South Sudan on Jan. 6 in an effort to assist the Juba government in mending a split that is tearing the newly created country asunder. South Sudan broke away from its northern counterpart nearly three years ago, largely at the aegis of the U.S., after a national referendum on the future of what was then Africa’s largest geographic nation-state.Since the partition of the vast country, which is rich in oil and other natural resources, both South Sudan and Sudan in the north have suffered from economic instability and ongoing clashes between various contending political forces. President Bashir’s visit is taking place as talks continue in neighboring Ethiopia aimed at reaching a ceasefire between soldiers loyal to South Sudan President Salva Kiir and ousted South Sudan Vice President Riek Machar.On Dec. 15, clashes erupted in the capital of Juba after attempts were made to disarm sections of the presidential guard. President Kiir accused his former deputy of attempting to stage a military coup, while Machar vehemently denied these allegations.The Machar faction is claiming that Kiir was acting in a dictatorial manner by suppressing dissent within the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army. Eleven high-ranking officials within the SPLM/A and the government, who are aligned with Machar, have been arrested by the Kiir forces.Machar is currently in hiding and has pledged to declare a ceasefire in the conflict only after Kiir agrees to release political prisoners. Fighting has escalated in at least four areas of the country, including Upper Nile, Unity and Jonglei as well as in and around Juba in the Central Equatoria state.Claims and counter-claims of atrocities and the seizure of territory have taken place since late December. Although President Kiir’s government has stated that it has retaken control of the capitals of Bor in Jonglei state and Bentiu in Unity state, contrary reports indicate that fighting is fierce in all these areas and an attempt to enter Juba by the Machar forces was made on Jan. 4.In the talks in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, no real progress has been made as of Jan. 6. According to mediators in the Ethiopian capital, which houses the headquarters of the continental African Union (AU), representatives of the two sides have held meetings, but there has been no agreement to declare a joint cessation of hostilities.A leading general in the government who is allied with President Kiir was killed in an ambush on Jan. 4 in Jonglei state, outside of Bor. Other high-level military officials have broken with Kiir and are fighting with the political faction supporting Machar.Both sides are heavily armed and possess conventional military hardware, including armored tanks and other sophisticated weapons. The conflict has taken on an ethnic dimension, since President Kiir is a Dinka and Machar comes from the Nuer group. There have been reports of civilian casualties, and hundreds of thousands of people have fled the contested areas in fear of reprisals from the belligerent forces.Central African Republic crisis reveals failure of French imperialismFrance has dispatched 1,600 troops to the Central African Republic under the guise of stabilizing the situation inside the large country, which has a relatively small population of less than 5 million. Demonstrations against both France and allied Chadian soldiers, numbering at least 800, are a reflection of the confusion they are creating in an already tense situation.The CAR is a former French colony, as is Chad. There are many Chadian citizens in the CAR, many of whom have fled the country amid the growing conflict.Other foreign nationals have also left the CAR, including people from Nigeria, who are being airlifted out by their West African government. France has called for additional United Nations troops, since it is proving incapable of handling the current situation. The imperialist power is also facing growing opposition within its own country in response to the intervention.These developments indicate clearly that the presence of these imperialist military troops, along with U.N. forces that often operate in league with the Western states, cannot bring peace and stability to Africa. The AU is proving incapable of mobilizing its own respective military units in a manner in which they can act independently of the imperialists.Consequently, hostility toward military forces from other African states is escalating, since they tend to act at the behest of the former colonial and existing neocolonial powers. The United States and France both have economic interests in various African states, including South Sudan and the CAR, in regard to oil, diamonds, uranium and other strategic minerals.An article published by the South China Morning Post points out, “The United Nations has dispatched a record number of peacekeepers to Africa in recent years, deploying soldiers to trouble spots such as the Central African Republic and South Sudan. Yet the ‘blue helmets’ and thousands of other soldiers sent by African regional groups have failed to prevent fresh violence. “(Jan. 6)The report stresses that “the peacekeeping forces have cost billions of dollars, largely paid by the United States and European nations. But they have been hobbled by weak mandates and a shortage of manpower and equipment. Some critics also say Washington, its allies and UN officials are at fault in the peacekeeping failures, for not following through with enough political pressure to prevent crises.”Yet the political mandate of the U.S. and France is related to the seizure and control of strategic resources as well as preventing further economic independence in Africa. The imperialist states want to secure these resources in order to stifle the burgeoning relations between AU member states and the People’s Republic of China as well as other Asian, African and Latin American states.As a whole, Africa must break with the imperialist states in order to foster real stability and economic development. The creation of an effective African Standby Force, called for by the AU since 2002, must be a priority for the continental governments and mass organizations.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

NYU professor focused on aggression law speaks on campus

first_img Previous articleTCU Alert sounds after 4 a.m.; students not pleasedNext articleAll hail Texas weather Yvonne Umugwaneza RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Yvonne Umugwanezahttps://www.tcu360.com/author/yvonne-umugwaneza/ Facebook Jose Antonio Vargas, undocumented immigrant, to talk diversity and immigration Linkedin printA measure that would make it illegal under the United Nations charter for one country to invade another could reduce global conflicts, according to an expert on the proposed change.“Aggressive war,” is an act that is not defensive, consensual, humanitarian or authorized by the UN Security Council, said Jennifer Trahan, clinical associate professor at New York University and the advisor to the UN on matters of genocide.Trahan, who spoke at TCU on Wednesday, said she has been working on a definition of “crime of aggression” for 15 years.Defining criminal laws is something done in the best way possible in hopes that it will have an impact on the world, she said.Following World War II, the Balkan states, including Yugoslavia, Moldova, Bulgaria, Romania and Albania, fell to communists. Communist ideology led to discussions of a wider Balkan federation.Yugoslavia was previously made up of seven states, including Bosnia, Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.Erin Lovall, the co-director of the documentary “Seeking Truth in Balkans,” said she was inspired by the testimonies and experiences from former Yugoslavians and Rwandans.“I was such a believer in international justice,” Lovall said. “But I felt like there has been a very long time that nothing was being done, while many leaders in different categories are doing horrendous atrocities and [getting] away with it.”The documentary focused on the Balkans’ ethnic war experience and the aftermath of the war. Many interviewees said it is hard to have reconciliation without justice, and there will be no justice without truth.The law of crime of aggression stipulates that invading another country would be criminal.“When you define something, you do it as best as you can because you don’t know how strong it will change the world for better,” Trahan said.World War II is an example of aggressive war, in which the Nazis occupied a great deal of Europe and persecuted innocent people at Nuremberg; the aggressive law was only used at Nuremberg.Although there are various international criminal tribunals and some have done a better job than others, Trahan said none is enough because crimes are so huge. The goal is not to create more tribunals; it is to try to change behavior eventually and to stop the crimes, Trahan said. Yvonne Umugwanezahttps://www.tcu360.com/author/yvonne-umugwaneza/ Students debut performances of drag personas as part of unique new course + posts Professor Trahan explains the idea behind “Seeking Truth in the Balkans.” ReddIt Jose Antonio Vargas: ‘where did you come from?’ Yvonne Umugwanezahttps://www.tcu360.com/author/yvonne-umugwaneza/center_img ReddIt Yvonne Umugwanezahttps://www.tcu360.com/author/yvonne-umugwaneza/ TCU student recognized for anti-human trafficking work Facebook TCU transfer students get more involved in transfer center’s leadership Twitter Condensed semester, lost week to snowstorm adding to some students stress during finals week Twitter The College of Science and Engineering Dean, Phil Hartman, retires after 40 consecutive years Linkedin Yvonne Umugwaneza last_img read more

Volleyball dominates Kansas on Julia Adams’ career day

first_imgLinkedin Alexandra Preusserhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/alexandra-preusser/ Director of baseball operations shares her journey into sports ReddIt Facebook printFirst-year Julia Adams (12) exploded for a career-high 23 kills against Kansas. Photo courtesy of GoFrogs.comTCU volleyball beat Kansas in four sets on Saturday behind one of their best offensive performances of the season. The win marks their third conference win this year. TCU had 64 kills with a .293 hitting percentage, their highest tally of the season against a conference opponent. First-year outside hitter Julia Adams set career highs with 23 kills on a .500 hitting clip. After the match, Adams said that her confidence comes from teammate Ashley Waggle, who provided Adams with feedback to help produce more offensively. “Waggle has been an unbelievable mentor to me,” Adams said. “She’s experienced this for three more years than I have, and so having her set the standard for me and giving me the confidence to go out there. I can’t thank her enough.” Head coach Jill Kramer said Adams continued to work hard in practice and has stepped up to the challenge. The fifth-year coach thought her team defended and transitioned well, and that the key to this game was the confidence and edge her team played with. “Our conference is tough. Our league is tough. And you got to fight really hard for every single win,” Kramer said. “You want to win on the road, but you really want to protect your home court. You really want to do your best for the people that come out to support you.”Even though their team has been struggling this season, TCU fans still showed up to support. It was the 10th largest crowd in program history with an attendance of 2,020. Saturday’s crowd, an attendance of 2,020, was the 10th-largest in program history. Up next, TCU will travel to Morgantown to play the West Virginia Mountaineers at 5 p.m. on Wednesday. Then, TCU will finish the week in Austin against the No. 1 Texas Longhorns. Twitter TCU Gives Day raises money for scholarships and department funds Drive-thru COVID-19 vaccination site to open Saturday outside of Amon G. Carter Stadium Alexandra Preusser is a sophomore journalism major and business minor from Wilmington, North Carolina. She has worked with TCU360 as a sports journalist. She is also an intern with the TCU Athletics Communications Department. ReddIt TCU baseball finds their biggest fan just by saying hello Alexandra Preusserhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/alexandra-preusser/center_img Facebook Cap and gown shipments delayed, off-color versions handed out for 2020, 2021 graduates Twitter Alexandra Preusserhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/alexandra-preusser/ + posts Another series win lands TCU Baseball in the top 5, earns Sikes conference award Linkedin Previous articleTCU celebrates first-generation studentsNext articleNoticiero TCU 10 de Noviembre de 2019 Alexandra Preusser RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR TCU rowing program strengthens after facing COVID-19 setbacks Alexandra Preusserhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/alexandra-preusser/ Alexandra Preusser last_img read more

Episode 234 – CFB Week 15, NFL Week 14 Preview

first_imgLinkedin Facebook Jack Wallacehttps://www.tcu360.com/author/jack-wallace/ ReddIt Fort Worth’s first community fridge program helps serve vulnerable neighborhoods TAGSBasketballblanket coveragecfbCollege Basketballcollege footballfootballjack wallacenbaNFLnoah parkerpodcastsport analysissport newssportsTCU BasketballTCU Football 2021 NFL Mock Draft (Part 1) Special Jack Wallacehttps://www.tcu360.com/author/jack-wallace/ Twitter Jack Wallace Twitter Jack Wallacehttps://www.tcu360.com/author/jack-wallace/ 2020/21 NFL Exit Interviews – NFC West + posts TCU News Now 4/28/2021 2020/21 NFL Exit Interviews – NFC East 2021 NFL Mock Draft (Part 1) Special Linkedin printJack and Noah preview Week 15 of college football and Week 14 NFL action. We start with a 2020 MLS Cup Finals preview and a recap of this week’s college basketball updates. We continue with picks of college football and recaps of Baltimore/Dallas and New England/Los Angeles in the NFL. We finish up with the remaining NFL picks. Follow us @BlanketCovPod on Twitter and @blanketcoveragepodcast on Instagram for more news and updates! Jack is a junior journalism major and studio art minor from Atlanta, Georgia. He enjoys everything sports and co-runs the Blanket Coverage podcast as well as photographs for TCU360. Facebook ReddIt Previous articleLouisiana Tech matchup means more for TCU’s WallowNext articleFrogs dominate Aggies at Dickies Arena to end two-game skid Jack Wallace RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Jack Wallacehttps://www.tcu360.com/author/jack-wallace/ 2020/21 NFL Exit Interviews – NFC Westlast_img read more

Regulatory Regime Needed For Using Disinfectants, Fumigation, UV Rays On Human Body : Supreme Court

first_imgTop StoriesRegulatory Regime Needed For Using Disinfectants, Fumigation, UV Rays On Human Body : Supreme Court LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK5 Nov 2020 7:58 PMShare This – xThe Supreme Court on Thursday observed that there has to be a regulatory regime for the use of disinfectants, fumigation or UV ray on the human body.The top court strongly urged the Central Government to invoke the powers under the Disaster Management Act 2005 to consider banning or regulating the e usage of disinfection tunnels involving spraying or fumigation of chemical/organic…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Supreme Court on Thursday observed that there has to be a regulatory regime for the use of disinfectants, fumigation or UV ray on the human body.The top court strongly urged the Central Government to invoke the powers under the Disaster Management Act 2005 to consider banning or regulating the e usage of disinfection tunnels involving spraying or fumigation of chemical/organic disinfectants for the human beings.”We are of the view that for spraying disinfectant on human body, fumigation or use of UV rays against the human body, there has to be regulatory regime when respondent No.1 itself is of the view that such use is not recommended”, observed a bench comprising Justices Ashok Bhushan, R Subash Reddy and M R Shah.The bench cited the joint press release by CSIRNCL Pune and ICT Mumbai on April 23, which evaluated various concentrations of sodium hypochlorite to find effective chemical disinfectants for the mist sanitisation system. “Results indicated that 0.02 per cent to 0.05 per cent weight concentration did not show an adverse effect on normal skin flora and yet destroyed the standard microbes. Thus, we recommend using 0.02 to 0.05 wt. per cent sodium hypochlorite solution (200 to 500 ppm) for external body surface sanitisation of personnel walk through the mist tunnel by following standard safety precautions,” said the press release.The court issued these directions while disposing a writ petition filed by Gursimran Singh Narula against use of chemical disinfectants for spraying and fumigation by organizations/public authorities. He had sought a ban on spraying of all kinds of disinfectants on human beings which is being done supposedly for protecting human beings from the Novel Coronavirus disease 2019(Covid­19).Before the bench, the petitioner contended that the concept of “human disinfection” through walk-in tunnel is flawed and misconceived and be not permitted at any cost in light of Right to Health under Article 21 of the Constitution. The Centre submitted before the court that it had issued an advisory that use of disinfectant on human body is not recommended.In an affidavit, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare informed the Apex Court that the Directorate General of Health Services held a meeting of experts in June on the use of disinfectant tunnels, use of various chemicals and spraying of disinfectants along with the efficacy of such use of spraying/fogging. An experts committee in April had said that chemicals are harmful to the human skin and the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract, if inhaled. “External spraying of any chemical disinfectant does not kill the virus that has already entered the body of a person, who has earlier been exposed to the virus”, said the committee.The committee agreed with suggestions made by another committee in April that “spraying of the individuals with disinfectants (tunnels, chambers, cabinets, etc.) is not recommended” in both healthcare and non-healthcare settings. “It is also observed that in indoor spaces, routine application of disinfectants to environmental surfaces by spraying/fogging is not recommended for Covid-19 as the disinfectants may not be removing organic material and may miss surfaces.The top court said that mere advisories by the Government are not enough and that it needed to exercise statutory powers under the DMA to consider ban or regulation on the use of such methods.”We are of the view that for spraying disinfectant on human body, fumigation or use of UV rays against the human body, there has to be regulatory regime when respondent No.1 itself is of the view that such use is not recommended. The respondent No.1 has wide powers and responsibilities under Act, 2005, which could have been utilized to remedy the situation. In event, use of disinfectant on human body is to cause adverse effect on the health of the people, there has to be immediate remedial action and respondent No.1 cannot stop only by saying that such use is not recommended.”, the bench observed.The Court observed that the provisions of the Disaster Management Act confer certain more responsibilities and duties on the Centre apart from issuance of guidelines and providing financial support. It said:”The Pandemic being a disaster within the meaning of Act, 2005, has to be dealt with sternly and effectively. We have no doubt that the Union and the States are taking all measures to contain the pandemic and all mitigating steps but the facts which have been brought on record in this writ petition indicate that in the present case, something more was required to be done by respondent No.1 apart from issuing advisory that use of disinfectant on human body is not recommended. When public authorities/ organizations were using disinfectants both chemical/organic on the human body and there are various studies to the effect that it may be harmful to the health and the body. Some more actions were required to remove the cloud of uncertainty and to regulate the use even if it was to either prevent such use or regulate the use so that health of citizens is amply protected.”The court, therefore issued, the following directionsi) The respondent No.1 may consider and issue necessary directions in exercise of powers vested in it under the Disaster Management Act, 2005, regarding ban/Regulation on the usage of disinfection tunnels involving spraying or fumigation of chemical/organic disinfectants for the human beings. orii) There shall be similar consideration and directions by the respondents as indicated above with regard to exposure of human being to artificial ultraviolet rays.iii) Looking to the health concern of the people in general, the aforesaid exercise be completed by respondent No.1 within a period of one month.Case: GURUSIMRAN SINGH NARULA vs. UNION OF INDIA [WRIT PETITION (C) NO.560 OF 2020]Coram: Justices Ashok Bhushan, R. Subhash Reddy and MR ShahClick here to Read/Download JudgmentRead JudgmentSubscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more