A most isolated benthos: coastal bryozoans of Bouvet Island

first_imgBouvet Island is, uniquely, thousands of km from the next nearest land, even other islands. Its Southern Ocean location, isolation and the exposure of its surrounding cliffs have resulted in only rare visits by ship and its coastal marine fauna is little known. For animal taxa with non-pelagic larvae, such as cheilostome bryozoans, the shelf environment of Bouvet is a rare example of isolated oceanic communities. Agassiz trawl samples of the 2003 ANT XXI-2 cruise of the PFS Polarstern collected a total of 18 species of cheilostomes at four sites around Bouvet Island. Of these only four had been reported before amongst the 20 species of cheilostome previously known from this locality. Furthermore eight of the genera are reported for the first time from Bouvet Island. The assemblages were dominated by Austroflustra vulgaris, and in one case Nematoflustra flagellata. The bryozoan fauna seems to be depauperate and bears only low (32% at species and 46% at genus level) similarity to any location within 3,000 km. Its species composition is typically Southern Ocean, with most affinity to the Scotia Arc and Weddell Sea whereas at generic level it is most similar to the Subantarctic Prince Edward Archipelago.last_img read more

The distribution, abundance, status and global importance of giant petrels (Macronectes giganteus and M. halli) breeding at South Georgia

first_imgInformation on the status of giant petrels breeding at South Georgia was previously based on studies at a small number of the archipelago’s breeding sites. Here, we report the results of the first complete archipelago-wide survey of breeding northern Macronectes halli and southern M. giganteus giant petrels in the austral summers 2005/2006 and 2006/2007. We estimate that 15,398 pairs of northern and 8803 pairs of southern giant petrels bred at South Georgia. These are the largest and second largest populations at any island group, representing 71.0% and 17.3%, respectively, of updated global estimates of 21,682 pairs of northern and 50,819 pairs of southern giant petrels. A comparison of counts at locations surveyed in both 1986/1987–1987/1988 and 2005/2006–2006/2007 indicated increases of 74% and 27% in northern and southern giant petrels, respectively, over the intervening 18–20 years. The greater increase in northern giant petrels was likely influenced by the recovery of the Antarctic fur seal Arctocephalus gazella population at South Georgia, which provides an abundant but transient food resource (carrion). Due to allochrony, this provides greater benefits to northern giant petrels. The large, and increasing, population of king penguins Aptenodytes patagonicus at South Georgia also provides a potentially valuable food resource. The flexible and opportunistic foraging behaviour of giant petrels has contributed to their positive population trends. Other, more specialised, seabirds such as albatrosses have declined at South Georgia in recent decades mainly because of problems at sea, compounded by greater predation pressure from the increasing populations of giant petrels.last_img read more

Stop saying the property market is broken when it’s not, says Faulkner

first_imgHome » News » Housing Market » Stop saying the property market is broken when it’s not, says Faulkner previous nextHousing MarketStop saying the property market is broken when it’s not, says FaulknerLeading industry consultant Kate Faulkner says media headlines and many industry market reports misrepresent affordability in the property market and put off first time buyers.Sheila Manchester22nd January 202001,306 Views Estate agents often complain that national media report a ‘crashing’ property market and ‘extortionate’ rents but that this picture rarely reflects what’s happening on the ground.And now they have a champion. Senior industry figure Kate Faulkner has broken ranks and criticised both national newspapers and big data firms for publishing doomsday reports that, although they make good headlines, are often not accurate.Faulkner says this kind of rhetoric has persuaded many first-time buyers that they cannot afford to get on the property ladder, even though prices on the ground in many areas of the nation are affordable.“Why is the industry not focusing on how to afford a property in their local area and why is everyone continuing to tell people it’s ‘impossible’ to buy?,” she asks.Her latest property price report reveals that house prices are more affordable than they were 13 years ago in many places including Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales, the NE, West and Yorkshire.“The Nationwide HPI report shows that affordability wise, in the last quarter of 2007, in the North East, mortgage payments took up 40.5% of FTBs pay, now it’s just 19%,” she says.“And even in London, it’s fallen from 69.6% to 56.2% – of course still incredibly tough in the Capital – but when you look around the rest of the UK, the idea that affordability is still the issue it was before the credit crunch is nuts.”Property marketFaulkner also claims that the problem of saving up a deposit is also over-egged.“Nationwide have produced a really good chart showing how many years it would take for FTBs between five to 15 years to save a 20% deposit,” she says.“What this doesn’t tell people though, is you don’t need a 20% deposit, especially in areas around the Midlands and North.”Find out more about Kate Faulkner.  Nationwide kate faulkner first-time buyers January 22, 2020Nigel LewisWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Hong Kong remains most expensive city to rent with London in 4th place30th April 2021last_img read more

Speech: Ending the Syrian Conflict

first_imgThank you very much Mr President, and welcome back to New York.Thank you to our two briefers, the Special Representative and the Under Secretary-General. And can I repeat the thanks of colleagues for everything your teams do on the ground to help the people of Syria. They need you more than ever, but we are very conscious that this is a very difficult job for them to do.The conflict is seven and a half years old. It’s longer than the Second World War. Over half a million people have died in Syria. Millions have been displaced and chemical weapons have been used, including by the Syrian regime. I think we’re running out of superlatives, Mr President, to describe the horrors of this conflict. We meet every month on Syria in this chamber, but this time does feel particularly important. The Turkish plan which they have discussed with the Russians for Idlib, is the crux. It needs to be developed and it needs to be implemented. And as other speakers have said Mr President, Russia in particular needs to uphold it, and we look to Russia to do this because Russia is a P5 member with particular responsibilities for international peace and security and Russia needs to exert her influence on the Syrian authorities. Otherwise, the crimes that are committed against the Syrian people are committed in Russia’s name.We heard earlier, Mr President, about the voices of Idlib. There are 3 million voices in Idlib who will want to know why the Idlib plan cannot be implemented. There are 18 million voices in Syria who want the Council to act to protect them.A lot has been said today Mr President, some of it very familiar. Some of it common to those Council members who have spoken. I will not rehearse some of the assessments, but I would just like to go on record as saying that the United Kingdom agrees with our American, our Dutch, our Swedish, our Polish and other partners in their assessments. We wholly agree with them.I want to highlight in particular four points. First of all, I want to agree with what the Representative of France said about the situation on the ground but also what he said about the French, Americans and British taking our responsibilities if chemical weapons are ever used again.I want to talk about the political process. We want to see the constitutional committee convened. We look to the Special Representative to do this. We believe you have all the authority you need to pick those names. We trust you to do the best you can in the interests of the people of Syria and in the interests of peace. We look for a date to be set and we ask you to report back to this Council by 31 October. We look to the Small Group and the Astana Group to make progress on coming together in support of the United Nations. And I repeat what my Dutch and Swedish colleagues had said about reconstruction money. There are 3 million voices in Idlib and 18 million voices in Syria as a whole who will want to know why progress can’t be made on the political track.Turning to humanitarian: we would like to hear from the Syrian representative why there are still problems with access and why there are still problems with safe passage that the Under Secretary-General referred to.I noted what the Representative of Equatorial Guinea said about scorched earth. This is a truly terrible situation, but he is right to draw attention to that and we would like to know what the Syrian regime is doing to put that right.A large number of speakers, Mr President, talked about IHL and the principles of precaution, discrimination and proportionality. We absolutely uphold those as the United Kingdom. It is unbelievable that hospitals are being attacked. It’s even more unbelievable when those hospitals are part of a de-conflicted area.Last week Mr President, the United Kingdom announced some $40 million for Idlib. We hope that will help, but I just wanted to go back to what the Under Secretary-General said about is it a reprieve or a stay of execution. This is a dreadful choice, but it has to be a reprieve. There are 3 million voices in Idlib and 18 million voices in Syria who will want to know why this can’t happen.Turning to the wider issues Mr President, awful and horrific as Syrian conflict is, the prospect of a wider interstate war is waiting in the wings. The Syrian people are not only attacked by their own government, they risk being drawn in and the victims of a wider conflict. It is not legitimate to use the territory of Syria to fire missiles at Israel. The risk of miscalculation, a misunderstanding that led to the downing of a Russian aircraft encapsulates on a small scale the much bigger and even more frightening risk of a wider miscalculation. And I would like to, at this point, echo the colleagues who have sent their condolences to our Russian colleagues for the loss of their air crew. But I repeat, the risk of miscalculation is incredibly high. It was a Syrian air force that shot down that Russian plane and the proximate cause was the actions of Iran and Hezbollah on the ground. This ought to serve as a very powerful warning not just to the Syrian authorities but also to the Russians and the Iranians of the prospect of something much wider and even more horrible than we have yet seen in Syria.Lastly Mr President, the Special Representative referred to Kofi Annan and we will have a tribute to Kofi Annan in the United Nations later this week. This morning, a wreath was laid to Dag Hammerskjöld, who is also one of the iconic Secretaries-General that the UN has been fortunate enough to have lead it. I think we do them no credit, Mr. President, if we allow this conflict to continue. The best legacy we could hand Kofi Annan in response to all his work in 2012 – I was present for that Geneva meeting – the best legacy we could offer is to bring the Syrian conflict to an end and help the Syrian people.Thank you Mr President.last_img read more

News story: New measures to support disadvantaged children in schools

first_imgIncluded within the package of measures announced today are: We understand children in care have very poor outcomes. Actually the truth is the outcomes for children in need of a social worker are almost as bad but there are five times as many of them. We also know the effects of this sustain. Overall if you’ve needed contact with a social worker at any time since year 5, on average you are going to score 20 grades lower across eight GCSEs. We need to improve the visibility of this group, both in schools and in the system as a whole. We need to make sure in every case that information is passed on to a social worker when a child moves school. We also need to improve our knowledge of what works to support and help these children. We must not lower our expectations for them – for these children it is more important that they can do their very best to make the most of their talents when they’re at school. The Pupil Premium provides welcome additional funding for schools, recognising those with some of the biggest challenges. The EEF’s new guidance on how to spend it rightly emphasises recruiting, retaining and developing great teachers. In order to be effective, the Pupil Premium must not become a cause of unnecessary work for teachers. Ofsted does not require any school-generated data on the Pupil Premium beyond the school’s Pupil Premium strategy, and does not require schools to track eligible pupils or provide evidence of closing within school attainment gaps. The schools admission code will be changed so that the most vulnerable children, such as those fleeing domestic abuse, can access a school place more quickly, Education Secretary Damian Hinds has announced today (17 June).New analysis lays bare the extent of disadvantage, with every classroom having three children who have come into contact with a social worker and 1.6 million children needing a social worker at some point in the last three years. These children suffer further as they often miss out on education, being three times more likely to be persistently absent from school and four times more likely to be permanently excluded.In a speech at Reform, the Education Secretary outlined the changing nature of disadvantage and a package of measures to support the most vulnerable in society, including new research on how to tackle persistent absence from school and exploring the expansion of advocates within education so that all children in need of a social worker, and not just those in care, are given the support they need.Schools will also receive guidance on how to use the Pupil Premium most effectively, with evidence from the Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) showing the success of particular methods in improving educational outcomes.Education Secretary Damian Hinds said in a speech today: To further improve standards in schools the Government is targeting extra support at some of the poorest areas of the country, through its £72 million Opportunity Areas programme and £24 million Opportunity North East. Up to £26 million is also being invested in the National Schools Breakfast Programme, which will kick-start or improve breakfast clubs in over 1,700 schools.The Department for Education is providing more support for early learning than ever before and has a new focus on the home learning environment, providing £3.5 billion this year alone in free early years education and the 30 hours free offer which already supports many families from lower incomes. Taking forward changes to the School Admissions Code and improving the speed of the in-year admissions process so vulnerable children can access a school place as quickly as possible; Making sure the mental health difficulties of children with social workers is tackled by ensuring both initial teacher training and the social work standards equip professionals with the right knowledge and skills on mental health. The Department for Education will bring together best practice on how to support children who have experienced childhood adversity, including the impact on mental health; Better sharing of information between councils and schools, including making sure social workers are informed when a child they support is excluded from school, and closer working between schools and councils to improve educational outcomes for disadvantaged pupils; Working across Government to tackle the causes of disadvantage, including on domestic abuse, drug and alcohol misuse, mental health, serious violence, and exploitation; and Making sure disadvantaged children are in education, by taking forward the Timpson Review recommendations and tackling off-rolling, absence and exclusions. Giving every young person the best start in life, whatever their background and wherever they come from, is a mission that unites teachers. By acknowledging the relationship between family income and educational success, the Pupil Premium cuts right to the heart of the reason most of us became educators. The Pupil Premium is the key lever for closing the attainment gap and greater security of funding supports schools to plan ahead with confidence. We know that it has enabled headteachers to focus attention and make a difference for their most disadvantaged pupils. This is achieving results in schools across England, but there is undoubtedly more to do to. We’ve published new guidance to help schools spend their Pupil Premium to maximise the benefit for their students. Crucially, we want to strengthen the ways the Premium can be spent to recruit, retain and develop great teachers for all children. Amanda Spielman, Ofsted Chief Inspector, said: While the attainment gap between disadvantaged pupils and their peers has narrowed by at least 9.5% since 2011, disadvantage continues to lead to poorer outcomes that the Education Secretary today said need to be confronted head on.Sir Kevan Collins, Chief Executive of the Education Endowment Foundation, said:last_img read more

A Tribe Called Quest Honors Phife Dawg With Busta Rhymes On Jimmy Kimmel Live [Watch]

first_imgBefore November, it had been 18 years since the last new music from A Tribe Called Quest. That all changed when the group released We got it from Here… Thank You 4 Your Service, a new album that features the entirety of A Tribe Called Quest – even the late Phife Dawg, who passed away earlier this year.The album was conceived when the group reunited in 2014, and it was no surprise to see it released just three days after the Presidential election. Race and social injustice are main themes of the new album, addressed with the lyrical eloquence for which ATCQ is known.A few days after the release, they delivered a powerful performance on Saturday Night Live. Last night, they delivered another late-night television performance on Jimmy Kimmel Live, marking the second time ATCQ have performed live together since the passing of fellow member Phife Dawg and the release of their new album.The group performed “Dis Generation” and “We the People…” from their new album with Busta Rhymes. To honor Phife, the artists would dip their heads and point up to the sky every time a verse of his came on. Watch the performance of  “Dis Generation” below:While no announcement has come since the release of what is arguably one of the best albums of 2016, members have hinted at having one final world tour. We’ll keep our fingers crossed on that.last_img read more

Drinking coffee may decrease depression risk in women

first_img Read Full Story A new study led by Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) researchers found that, among women, drinking coffee may reduce the risk of depression. The researchers, led by Michel Lucas, research fellow in nutrition, found the risk of depression to be 20% lower among women who drank four or more cups of caffeinated coffee than those who drank little or none. Those who drank decaf, tea, soft drinks, chocolate and other beverages containing less caffeine did not appear to be protected against depression. The study, “Coffee, Caffeine, and Risk of Depression Among Women,” was published in the September 26, 2011, issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.At least one previous prospective study in men suggested a link between depression risk and coffee, the world’s most popular central nervous system stimulant, according to the authors.The researchers studied 50,739 women who participated in the Nurses’ Health Study. The women, whose average age was 63, were free of depression when the study began in 1996. The scientists prospectively followed the women’s use of caffeinated and noncaffeinated beverages, and chocolate (which contains small amounts of caffeine) for the previous year through June 2006.Senior author Alberto Ascherio, professor of  epidemiology and nutrition, told the New York Times that more research is needed before the authors can recommend women drink more coffee.last_img read more

Top honors

first_imgIn addition to his research efforts, Akoh edited the first authoritative book on food lipids for classroom use. First published in 1998 and updated second 2002 and third edition in 2008, it’s used worldwide for lipid instruction.Akoh’s other industry honors include Stephen S. Chang Awards from the American Oil Chemists’ Society and the Institute of Food Technologists, the institute’s Research and Development Award, and Samuel Cate Prescott Award and the society’s Biotechnology Division Lifetime Achievement Award. He is a fellow with both the American Oil Chemists’ Society and the Institute of Food Technologists, and he served president of the society between 2008 and 2009. Casimir C. Akoh, Distinguished Research Professor in the University of Georgia Department of Food Science and Technology, has received the top award from the American Oil Chemists’ Society and the Institute of Food Technologists.Akoh will receive the society’s Supelco/Nicholas Pelick Research Award on April 29 and the institute’s Nicholas Appert award on June 25. The American Oil Chemists’ Society is a global scientific society for individuals interested in fats, oils, surfactants, detergents and related materials. The Supelco/Nicholas Pelick Award is the AOCS’s most prestigious research award that recognizes outstanding original research in fats, oils, lipid chemistry or biochemistry. Three past winners of this award are Nobel Prize winners. The award consists of a plaque and an honorarium sponsored by Supelco Incorporated, a subsidiary of Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, and Nicholas Pelick, a past president of AOCS.The Institute of Food Technologists is a nonprofit international society for professionals working in the field of food science and technology. The Nicholas Appert Award, the institute’s highest honor, recognizes preeminence in and contributions to the field of food science and technology.Akoh has made significant contributions in basic and applied research in lipid modification. His research focuses on the use of enzymes – specifically lipases and phospholipases – as biocatalysts for the modification of fats and oils for better health and functionality in foods. His research also involves the modification of other lipids for use as flavor and fragrance materials. Akoh has designed various structured lipids for infant formula fat analogs and studied their applications in infant formula.He has also synthesized trans-free structured lipids to replace hydrogenated fats and used them to make trans-free spreads, margarines and shortenings. He’s also synthesized alkyl glycoside fatty acid esters, and lysophospholipids for use as emulsifiers in foods and pharmaceuticals.Akoh discovered eight fat substitutes that compete with olestra as zero- or reduced-calorie fats. These have been patented. His UGA patent on improvement of frying oil life and quality has been licensed.An Institute of Science Information Highly Cited Researcher in Agricultural Science, Akoh is credited for more than 578 publications and presentations.last_img read more

Dorset Inn, Vermont’s oldest, sold

first_imgDorset Inn, Vermont’s oldest, soldFebruary 4, 2008The Dorset Inn has been sold by Sissy Hicks to Vermont Mountain Retreat, LLC. The Dorset Inn, Vermont’s oldest continuously operating inn, has been offering lodging, fine dining, and traditional New England hospitality for over 200 years.Former owner, Sissy Hicks owned The Dorset Inn since 1983. Sissy was chef/owner. Sissy is well renowned for her elegant comfort food. Sissy treated the Inn as her home and created a place of warmth, comfort, and elegance for guests to come from afar and nearby to relax and enjoy her delicious food.Steve and Lauren Bryant are residents of Manchester, Vermont. They formerly owned The Inn at Weston. They are co-owners of The Mountain Top Inn, Chittenden, VT. Lauren is an interior decorator and will focus on fine-tuning the guest rooms. The Bryant’s are very honored to carry on Sissy’s legacy of fine food and comfort lodging.Sissy will remain cooking at the Dorset Inn while training a chef to follow in her footsteps and to carry on the Dorset Inn traditions. Sissy will remain in the area and you will surely see her around.Brian Knight of CBI, Manchester, Vermont, managed the transaction. CBI is New England’s largest privately held business brokerage firm. More information is available about CBI at www.countrybusiness.net(link is external).last_img read more

Blue Ridge Outdoors Top Towns: Louisville, Kentucky

first_imgAs one of the largest metropolitan centers in on our Top Towns contest, Louisville offers an impressive number of outdoor recreation opportunities for adventure enthusiasts.The Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area, accessible from Louisville via I-69, is a vast inland peninsula and provides endless flatwater paddling, spelunking, fishing, and camping. If you’d rather head for the hills, take I-64 east toward the Red River Gorge canyon system — a nationally designated natural landmark. Simply put, the Red is the best climbing destination in the East, with sandstone cliffs that are home to hundreds of routes for beginners and world-class climbers alike.Cudas_IB_0814_2Louisville’s Forecastle Festival is one of the most anticipated music festivals of the year, and hiking opportunities abound in Daniel Boone National Forest.Vote now at blueridgeoutdoors.com!last_img read more